What Are The Ten Commandments?
The ten commandments is the name given the precepts or the law that Moses received atop Mount Sinai. It's the ten laws which were delivered by the same God in order to remind the obligations to their people, that after the original sin, had been badly neglected.
The story, reflected in the book of exodus, that Moses recorded these ten precepts on two tables of stone, which allows to think, because of the moment in history in which this happened, it was clay, material tables used for the cuneiform script of the period.
To read the ten commandments, it is easy to notice that more than laws of certain religions, it's basic humanitarian principles that allow the harmonious coexistence between all the people, in other words, it's a natural law that applies to all rational beings. In fact, it is possible to find laws or precepts similar enough prior to the delivered by God to Moses at Sinai, including mandates to enter into the Temple of the goddess Osiris, very similar to the commandments as not to kill, steal, or behave unfairly.
Although in the Bible it is possible to find two versions of the ten commandments, (20, 1-17) exodus and Deuteronomy (5, 6-12), both are quite similar and the precepts that we know today are part of the integration of both. In addition, there are different translations, but the most widely accepted formally, as to what concerns the Spanish translations, is the version that is known as "Queen Valera" (main translator was Casiodoro de Reina, and your reviewer was Cipriano de Valera, hence name), NLT, whose nicknames are the "Bible of the bear" or "crock". In this translation, considered as the Universal version, the removal of the text with a list of the ten commandments is:
1 you won't have other gods before me.
2. do not you do image, or any likeness of what is up in the sky, down on the ground or in the water under the Earth. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; because I am the Lord your God, jealous, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, and I do mercy to thousands, that love me and keep my commandments.
3. do not take the name of the Lord your God in vain; because it won't by innocent Lord that taketh his name in vain.
4 remember the day Sabbath to keep Holy it. Six days work, and do all your work; but the seventh day is a Sabbath unto the Lord your God; do not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your servant, your maid, your beast, or your stranger who is within your gates in it. For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the Earth, the sea, and all things that in them is, and rested the seventh day; Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.
5 honor your father and your mother, that your days lengthen in the land that Jehovah your God is giving you.
6. do not murder.
7. do not commit adultery.
8. do not steal.
8. do not speak against your neighbor false testimony.
10. do not covet your neighbor's House, you shall not covet the wife of your neighbor, nor his servant, or his maid-servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing of your neighbor.
While the above summary is technically what are the ten commandments, popular versions or interpretations of the designated text can be found in some publications. Then one of these simplified versions:
1 love God above all things.
2. do not take God's name in vain.
3 sanctifying parties.
4 to honor father and mother.
5. do not kill.
6. do not commit impure acts.
7. do not steal.
8. not to say false testimony or lie.
9. do not allow impure desires or thoughts.
10. do not covet the goods.