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OsteopathyThe Osteopathic Medicine is nestled within the wide range of physiotherapy disciplines, consisting of a set of manual techniques and treatments noninvasive as an alternative to the problems and conditions of health, avoiding the application of pharmacological methods for their treatment.
Osteopathy is a discipline whose maximum resides in the holistic vision of the human body, understanding this as a unit, and not as a set of independent bodies and structures. Starting from this premise, osteopathic treatments are routed to the alleviation of the medical condition through the recovery of the overall organic balance, more than the analytical focus of pain relief.
Added to this concept is the application of homeostasis, i.e., the property of living organisms to maintain a stable condition by compensating for internal trade and external (metabolism), as for example the self-regulation body levels of pH or temperature.
Against this background, we find in osteopathy an instrument dedicated to preserving all organic functions in your perfect activity (cardiovascular, respiratory, nervous, lymphatic, skeletal muscle...).
[This discipline was developed by Andrew Taylor Still American in the year 1874, ]and is currently recognized by the World Health Organization, being given as university studies in countries such as France, England or USA.UU. Despite this, Spain osteopathy are not regulated as a legal profession, qualified end of controversial taking into account that the Ministry of science and innovation does recognize it legally, but only within the powers of the degree in physiotherapy.
For osteopathy who qualifies?Thanks to the holistic concept of osteopathy (who understand the body as a whole), its use is recommended for a wide variety of disorders and organic disorders:
- Osteo-articular and muscle-skeletal: sprains, contractures, tendinitis, radiculopathies (loss of sensation), ailments result of structural dismetrias (members of different lengths), and so on.
- Digestive: irritable bowel syndrome, bloating, constipation, gas, hernia, hiatal, gastritis...
- Genito-urinary: amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, cystitis, incontinence, menopausal disorders and others.
- Respiratory system: asthma, cough, bronchitis...
- Neural: headaches of various origins, migraine headaches, trigeminal neuralgia.
- Sleep disorder, fatigue, dizziness, generalized fatigue, stress, anxiety, etc.
Benefits of osteopathyThe biggest benefit presenting from other manual therapy osteopathy is the principle of 'minimum intervention'. Contrary to guidelines and patterns of action of standard therapies, Osteopathic Medicine not seeking direct intrusion into a medical condition to eradicate it, but discusses the possible origin and evolution studies. With this information professional can alleviate the ailment by eliminating the cause which originates, without such invasive techniques or aggressive (drugs, physiotherapy equipment, etc.), thus fostering the capacity of self-healing of the body.
And is that, it is proven - faced certain problems-the school that owns the human body regenerate, self heal, adapt to injuries mechanisms and external aggressions: human beings are capable on their own healing their wounds, close ulcerations, heal flu processes eliminating infectious agents, weld broken bones, coat objects with fibrotic tissue...; osteopathy, simply helps with techniques to maintain this virtue.
Contraindications for osteopathyDue to their nature non-invasive, the use of osteopathy has no contraindications, except for those of any other physiotherapeutic techniques: (joint degeneration, advanced osteoarthritis, various neurological or haematological alterations, etc).
Osteopathy is not intended to be the panacea of the treatments, nor nor substitute for modern medicine building as the solution to all the ills of the human body. A professional osteopath knows its limitations and injury that it is capable of treating, avoiding engaging in intrusismos and abuses of the type "that I can solve it". When a patient goes to a query of osteopathy suffering from pain, the professional should always start with the same question: what has told the doctor about the pain?
Types of osteopathy and osteopathic techniquesModern osteopathy is divided into three large groups: structural, visceral and cranial. Let's see what is each one of them and the various techniques used by osteopaths to relieve all sorts of ailments.
Structural osteopathyIt is the section aimed at knowledge of the musculo-skeletal system. They are thus studied the three basic pillars of the movement body: bones, muscles and joints, and how they interact to achieve complex movements. Studies at the same time all the framework of soft, as fascia, tendon, or ligament tissue. Known all of this, the way to correct possible alterations of this system and its correction is analyzed. Generally this section is subdivided into upper train and undercarriage for its correct learning.
Visceral osteopathyIn this case, the study focuses on the viscera and organs: stomach, pancreas, urogenital, reproductive system, etc. There is its function and its behavior, and can thus correct its possible dysfunctions.
Cranial osteopathyAs its name suggests, focuses on the knowledge of the bone structure of the skull and its relationship with the central nervous system, and the modifications suffered by the Agency as a result of this (vertigo, migraine, postural errors...). The structure of the skull include the mandibular part, of great importance in numerous alterations in function Ent.
Some Osteopathic techniquesThere many are techniques used by osteopaths, but include the following among the most used:
- Release myofascial: is to release the fascia, the tissue that surrounds the soft tissues and resulting in pain and lack of mobility when it is attached and restricted.
-The muscle energy technique: is the one that takes advantage of active and voluntary contraction of the muscle of the patient in a controlled direction and a variable intensity, faced with a determined resistance by the therapist. It is used to treat shortened or spastic muscles, strengthen weakened muscle structures, reducing edemas or remobilization of a joint.
-Techniques of Jones, 'points' and 'trigger points': sensitive points produce pain when pressing in that exact area. Triggers points trigger pain within distance of the place down. The success of this technique lies in the precision of the location of these points. Once you press the point, moves the joint until you find the angle at which the pain. This position maintains a pressure sustained for 90 seconds. Suitable for contractions and severe muscular overload.
-Technique of trust: probably that most identifies a citizen walking the Guild Osteopathic, also commonly known as "rustling or placing the bones". It consists of normalizing a joint with a gesture quick and painless. It will be placed the patient in position of tension within its limitations start joint, then to exceed those limits using the arms or legs as levers. Very effective technique, but that it requires a high degree of experience by the osteopath, both to isolate the portion to be treated as to control the degree of breadth and strength to print.