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Concept and What is: Agoraphobia | Psychology

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Agoraphobia is a kind of psychological pathology, characterized by intense fear (phobia) of an individual witness situations where I can feel anxiety or panic and get out of these situations can be difficult or embarrassing. Why this disease is also referred to as the fear of being scared. Activities like going to shows, cross long bridges, tunnels, crowds, go into public places or even travel alone by bus, train or plane, are situations that agoraphobics avoid because they think they're exposed and vulnerable, without being able to escape or hide, if something wrong happens. Many also fail to do their routine activities like going to work and wind up getting confined in their homes.

It is very common to associate the social phobia with agoraphobia, once the individual Agoraphobic tends to isolate themselves from society. The mere fact of going to a supermarket can sometimes be terrifying for these individuals, who prefer more to do online shopping. So avoid at all cost activities outside of their comfort zones and security and become increasingly limited by fear itself.

This phobia has a higher incidence in women and increased prevalence in people at the beginning of adulthood. The psychological symptoms more striking are the fear of losing control over itself, fear of dying, maddening, had an accident and she collapsed. The most common physical symptoms are sweating, tremor, tachycardia, palpitation, shortness of breath, headaches, tingling in your hands, diarrhea, dizziness, stomach pain.

Agoraphobics individuals need to be treated, because the disease impairs the quality of life. The fact that avoid leave home to work may have financial difficulties, get bored and increasingly isolated, contributing to the onset of depression. Even knowing that your fears are irrational, they feel powerless to deal with them and end up getting angry and frustrated with themselves. Get low self-esteem and more susceptible to drug and alcohol consumption.

Therefore, the treatment of disease is essential. It is important to the accompaniment of a specialized doctor (psychiatrist) that will recommend medications such as antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs (benzodiazepines) and suggest the cognitive behavioural therapy which will help the individual to deal with his illness, where you'll also learn how self-help techniques such as breathing exercises and relaxation. Most people with agoraphobia respond well to treatment.

Unfortunately there are still no reports proving the cause of agoraphobia, so she is still unknown.
Translated for educational purposes.
Culture and Science

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