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Concept and What is: Autism | Psychology

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The autistic child has an unusual and inappropriate development, which can persist for a lifetime. This psychic disturbance usually appears within the first three years of life, reaching approximately twenty between each ten thousand children, and focuses more in men than in women. The causes of this problem does not seem to be situated in the context in which the patient lives, because autism is present in any environment.

According to the American Association of Autistic, malfunctions in the brain can cause this disorder, detected by history-remembrance of what pretends to be forgotten – or through an interview with the alleged autism. Despite the difficulty of communication and social interaction, some children are very clever and preserves intact the talks. Other already show signs of mental weakness, persistent silence and a late development of the language. While some appear a certain isolation and remain distant, in other there is a limited and conservative standards behavior and severe.

Physical, social and linguistic capabilities awaken slowly in these children, because some specific fields of thought may or may not be present, restricting the rational understanding ideas and concepts. Usually they do not associate the senses to their respective words. Their interaction with goals, events and people don't have a normal performance, and they can't settle their answers to the questions raised by adults and other children. His toys also are not used in the manner most appropriate. These patients react to sensations unlike normal patterns, especially in the areas of sight, hearing, touch, pain, balance, smell, taste and body maintenance. Another common trait is the compulsive behavior and steeped in rituals, such as shake hands or rocking, sniff or lick objects. They can also attack and hurt other people for no reason.

In Diagnostics, specialists must take into account three factors: the social relationship problems, verbal communication and non-verbal and imaginative toys, and finally the limited and repetitive behavior. But all these elements merely referential's point of view. Take into account mainly the issues raised by relatives, as the symptoms, the child's behavior, gynecological and obstetric history, family and medical history of the patient, especially with regard to psychiatric or neurological diseases, genetic origin, among other relevant data. Based on these, you must prepare the treatment planning, after qualifying the disorder present in the patient.

Autism is not treated with specific drugs, although some are substances often used to remedy some effects of this syndrome, such as aggression or repetitive procedures. Recently doctors worth of Neuroleptics to combat impulses and agitated behaviors, but lately has been taking antidepressants that inhibit the process of resumption of serotonin – these drugs, such as fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, sertraline and Clomipramine, have shown positive effects. Thus, the autistic gain a better quality of life, the tranquility needed and deserved. In addition to making use of these medicines possible, the autistic must develop the ability to be more independent, with the aid of behavioral mechanisms. This treatment must be complemented by a project of family counselling, as, for example, in choosing the most appropriate space for patient education.

When parents suspect that the son is autistic, have a tendency to deny the fact or to believe that he will be cured completely. Often, family members migrate to professional in professional, waiting to hear the diagnosis as desired. Although it is not possible to speak in a broad healing, with the current resources of medicine one can cultivate hope to see this child achieve greater independence. But for that to happen, the treatment should start as soon as possible, accompanied by a special education – this gives the autistic enlarge your aptitude for learning, their communicative skills and their interaction with each other, at the same time decreases the bouts of unrest-family support and all the techniques that can help in the development of this patient.
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