ADS BY GOOGLE
Cognitive is what is relative to the knowledge. Thus, Cognitive Sciences, can be considered as the set of disciplines that have teamed up, not losing their individual specific features, with the goal of investigating the issues of knowledge, also called epistemological issues.
The main disciplines that comprise the cognitive sciences are: cognitive psychology, Linguistics, and artificial intelligence, and partly to philosophy (Descartes as a precursor), Neurobiology (admitting the presence, without further study of the levels of representations), logic (the basis of artificial intelligence) and Anthropology (considering the cultural representations).]
The cognitive sciences research, at first, two classes of problems: the study of the processes of information treatment, through perception, processing, storage, retrieval and utilization; and the study of the ways how to systematize the representations of these activities.
It is clear that the human being is a being naturally moved by feelings and reason. The reason here understood as knowledge.
The disciplines that make up the Cognitive Sciences don't disregard the importance of emotional factors, which are specific to each human being. Seeking to explain the processes that can be generalized, which are considered equivalent in most people, the global processes, anyway.
The disciplines that make up the cognitive sciences, psychology helps in search of mental activities such as selective perception, and each step through which information, such as the elaboration (idea), transformation (the idea), storage (learning), recovery (memory), and the use of this information.
Linguistics, currently is understood as part of all the cognitive science and is not exclusive to any of them, but being what justifies the interrelationship and interconnection between them.
About artificial intelligence, this grouped in five grades, representations of knowledge. They are the logical, semantic networks, procedural representations, frames and rules of production systems.
Also collaborates, as it validates or not models resulting from other disciplines that make up the cognitive sciences.