Concept and What is: Depression

Depression is one of the evils of the soul that most plague our society today. Just watch the offices of psychiatrists, especially the good specialists, or try to make an appointment with one of them, and realize, with a greater or lesser degree of perplexity, the high incidence of mental disturbance, perhaps one can even speak of an epidemic that sense. But it is important to distinguish this syndrome from other emotional disorders, and also of chronic stress also affects people today. These problems do not distinguish gender, age or social class. In fact, the number of children and teenagers is increasing depression at an alarming rate.

Normally we use the term depression to talk about what we feel. Sometimes we are sad, melancholy, anguish, but that does not mean we are really depressed. Depression is a disease of concern and needs to be treated. It is the result of a disturbance in mood and causes disinterest in performing all that can generate pleasure. No use trying to cure this disease only with stimulus words, we must listen to the patient and, if it is clear that he is not only momentarily sad, try to refer you to a specialist. This disorder is a neurological nature, and therefore long-term, together with the specific symptoms. This evil occurs more frequently in women than in men, and is most commonly found in patients between 24 and 44 years.

There are many sources of depression, including factors of genetic nature, nutrition, stress, drugs and others. Determine the symptoms of this disease is never a final task, because only patients, the most varied, they know what they feel and know their own suffering. But some of them are more common, such as negative thoughts, sensory changes in the body - pain and nausea - energy shortage and interests, changes in mood, loss of concentration, changes in appetite and sleep, physical and mental tasks are completed more slowly, sense of failure. In the physical body there is usually uncomfortable heartbeat, constipation, headaches, problems with digestion. It alternate moments of relief and relapse, which often causes the patient the feeling not to be recovering, or living alone is convalescing. Symptoms hardly present in its entirety, usually vary from patient to patient, and sometimes manifested in a way, sometimes another. With treatment, the improvement is gradual.

According to the World Health Organization, depression may become, in 2020, a major cause of mortality, second only to coronary diseases. One should not treat depression as if it were something unique and invariable response to the calls of the laboratories, seasons in seasons, invent new potent drugs, accompanied by a generally misleading advertising, as if it were a disease that is expressed also in each patient. There are at least six known species of depression: major depression; Chronic - also known as dysthymia; atypical; postpartum; seasonal affective; premenstrual tension and grief.

In major depression occurring at least five of the following symptoms for at least two weeks: discouragement most of the time; lack of pleasure in everyday life; lack of appetite with resulting loss of weight; sleep disorders; restlessness or prostration; persistent fatigue; frequent fault; loss of concentration; thoughts involving thoughts of suicide or death. These symptoms may not be connected to bipolar disorder and should be seen if they hinder social and professional relationships. Dysthymia is a persistent depression, which extends for about two years - the suicide rate in this category is similar to that presented by severe depressed. In atypical depression patients overeat, sleep too, are always bored. Postpartum involves both emotional and hormonal changes, since the body and the mother's life is changed profoundly. The seasonal disorder presents annual incidence of depression, usually throughout the fall and winter, which survived the disease in other seasons; is usually characterized by the presence of fads and the tendency to eat too much candy in winter.

Premenstrual tension expresses irritation and very intense nervousness in the period before menstruation. Symptoms often worsen a week before the arrival of the menstrual flow. Grief is not exactly a depression, but it is difficult to establish differences. Usually the grief comes down to an emotional and healthy reaction to the losses that punctuate our existence. When he is not linked to other mental disorders, lasts about three to six months. Exceeding this period, and the symptoms accentuate, it can turn into a depression. In bipolar disorder, considered by many experts as well as depression, alternate with manic depressed steps.

The child also has limits to deal with stress. It supports this evil as much as adults, especially of the unknown, the new. Its ability to react to the pressures of the circumstances and adults that surround it corresponds to the degree of coercion exercised. When stress remains, there is a drop in the immune system, whose function is to defend the body. It is essential that physicians are more prepared to act now, because usually pediatricians are not ready to diagnose depression early, usually attributing the symptoms manifested by the child to other illnesses. It is often necessary that the small is treated by a multidisciplinary team involving pediatricians, physical therapists and psychiatrists. Observe the family environment is essential for the diagnosis, especially the relationship of parents with children.

Treatment of depression is basically the antidepressant drug prescribed for a few months at least, and a good psychotherapy. There is also another way, known as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for patients who do not adapt to drugs. It is now known that regularly practiced physical exercises are also essential in curing depression.
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