Concept and What is: Pessimism | Psychology

According to the basic definitions of two Portuguese language dictionaries, pessimism means "philosophy or system of those who have no faith in moral and material progress, the improvement of current social conditions" (Houaiss) and "a tendency to face the situations and events solely by downside; tendency to judge all bad "(Aulete).

The first definition is linked to the philosophical view of authors who did not believe in the progress of human beings, the second reflects the judgment applied to people regarding positive or negative attitudes. There is an addiction that dominated the first decade of the 21st century, the self-help. According to this philosophy, in which were added metaphysical concepts, spiritualists, and even astrological neoliberal, the person who thinks positively gets what he wants by the mere fact of realize their aspirations in a positive way. If someone is unable to work, he's always sick or forlorn, this person is very negative, i.e. counting and attracting spiritual, economic forces and negative Astral to its core.

Many thinkers have risked talking on the subject. Confucius said that "pessimism makes men cautious, while optimism makes unwise men", since Oscar Wilde stated: "a pessimist is someone who, choosing between two evils, chooses both. However, other historical figures had a more pessimistic view on pessimism as Winston Churchill, who said "the pessimist sees difficulty in every opportunity; the optimist sees opportunity in every difficulty. "

One of the school's iconic pessimistic philosophers was Arthur Schopenhauer. "Such Are the efforts and the human desires that make us vibrate on their accomplishment as if they were the ultimate goal of our will; but after satisfied change physiognomy ", stated the philosopher about our efforts to satisfy the wishes and continue to live. Among his aphorisms, even said that "solitude is the luck of all exceptional spirits", so it became known as the father of pessimism.

Jumping of philosophy for entertainment, a character well pessimistic made his fame in the years 90. The boy Migraine, or Migraine Boy, was a bad-tempered pessimist and boy that wanted distance of all. Created by Greg Fiering, the "Migraine Boy" summarizes the tone sceptical and awe of the thought of young intellectuals of the West in the last decade of the 20th century. In one of the episodes, a little boy goes to the Boy and migraine offers an umbrella in the middle of a storm. Discredited of life, bored and morbid, the Migraine Boy responds: "I'd rather catch pneumonia and die."
Translated for educational purposes.
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