Concept and What is: Psychological Counseling | Psychology

Psychological counseling is the theory of Carl Rogers person-centered approach in your feelings, conflicts, and perceptions, believing in the potential of man and therefore ability to grow and give new meaning to your life. Counseling technique is related to the problem-solving, decision-making and self-knowledge, allows the person working with their resources in a short time, besides enabling the service and reception of a great demand. This type of support has educational, preventive action and solutions-oriented situational of immediate problems, it is more directed to action than reflection with cautionary sense. This service is a moment where the person can recover and find shelter during their walk.

Psychological counseling is not giving advice, but focuses on facilitating the process of patient's choices in the decisions that must be taken regarding the profession, family, relationships and etc. There is a specific case, some people seek Advice to simply can talk, others to know some information and some still have serious and frames can be forwarded to psychotherapy.

Psychological counseling is often seen as a practice that provides "solutions" to small or large misalignment of conduct or even to give clear directions for decisions to be taken by a patient. These ideas are quite connected with the first practice in Psychological Counseling, but not continued the development of the technique.

Originated in the United States around 1910, the advice was founded with the aim of infantile and Juvenile Guidance, but the technique that dominated between the decades of 20 and 60 were those of psychodiagnosis. In Brazil, the field of Psychological Counseling began to develop only the 70.

Currently, the counseling is seen as a learning process with wellness goals to adapt the subject as the values he assigns to life. The human being carries capabilities and potentialities that can be measured and developed and therefore has potential for evolution and change, thereby the Adviser should take the place of organising model standards of conduct, social values and habits of citizenship actively and directly.

In more severe cases, the client should be referred to psychotherapy, but more important than the task of forwarding it or not the therapy is the task of taking him in his suffering. However the main purpose of Counseling is to reduce the risks in the health of the client resulting from concrete changes, developing the uniqueness and accentuating the individuality, modifying negative behaviors, improving the quality of life of the client in addition to the humanization of the services.
Translated for educational purposes.
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