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In 1945, Burrhus Skinner published the book "The Operational Analysis of Psychological Terms" as an attempt to respond to the internalistas chains comportamentalismo and also influenced by the philosophical Behaviorism. With the publication of this book was checked the source of the flow behaviour source called radical behavorismo, which was developed as an area of experimental research, but as a proposal of reflection on human behaviour. Conducting empirical research is the field of the experimental analysis of behavior, while the practical implementation is part of applied behavior analysis. In this sense, the radical Behaviorism is a philosophy of science of behavior.
Skinner was radically anti-mentalista, once considered pragmatic not internalistas notions (mental elements as the source of behavior) that make up the varied existing psychological theories. Despite this, Skinner never denied in his theory the existence of mental processes, just argued that it is unproductive to seek these variables the motivation of human attitudes.
According to Skinner's thinking when you analyze a behavior (cognitive, emotional or motor) need to consider the context in which it occurs and the events involved in this conduct. Behaviorism skinneriano denies the scientific importance of mediacionais indicators, once for Skinner the human being is a single entity and uniform, opposing the idea of man as being composed of body and mind, because it is not possible to dissociate or distingruir human elements.
Operant conditioning principles were elaborated by Skinner, besides having systematized model of selection by consequences in order to explain a behavior. Operant conditioning theory follows the principle that the occurrence of a stimulus called discriminatory stimulus increases the likelihood of a response, and after the response follows a stimulus booster, and can be a reinforcement (positive or negative) that encourages the behavior (increasing your probability of occurrence), or a punishment that inhibits the occurrence of behavior later in similar situations.
Beyond the exposed about human behavior, radical Behaviorism proposed to explain animal behavior through the paradigm of selection by consequences. Radical Behaviorism proposes, thus, a paradigm of Nonlinear and statistical conditioning, as opposed to linear paradigm and reflection of the theoretical comportamentalismo previous lines. In short, Skinner argues that most human behaviors are conditioned to working mode.