Friday, March 06, 2015

What is the Hindenburg?

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The Hindenburg, or rather, the LZ 129 Hindenburg, was the largest and most spectacular airship that has ever been built, and that ended his glorious days of crossing the Atlantic Ocean with a regrettable accident.

A retired, count Ferdinand Von Zeppelin, German general was the creator of these colossal "flying whales". After several failed attempts, he created the first airship, the LZ1, you could fly for more than 3 years. Years later, Hugo Eckner, who was in command of the Zeppelin company, managed to make Graf Zappelin, which managed to fly over the Arctic and go around the world. This success made it think even on a larger scale, and was just as it gave with the bigger, strong and safe airship ever constructed, LZ 129 Hindenburg.

The Hindenburg was 245 meters long and 41 meters in diameter. It contained about 200,000 cubic meters of hydrogen, allowing that this enormous structure could soar and remain in height. This airship had capacity to accommodate 72 passengers and carry a crew comprised of 61 people.

It was possible to cross the Atlantic Ocean in 2 days and a half, and paying about $400 could be sleeping in a room with private bathroom and all the luxuries that the best hotel in any large capital of the world could provide, this flying at a speed of 135 km per hour thanks to 4 engines diesel Daimler-Benz. There were also balloons containing hydrogen, which due to its high danger (in contact with the air is highly flammable), was made of beef tripe. This material is impermeable to gas and does not hold static electricity, giving manufacturers such claims and security that the Hindenburg had even a lounge for smokers.

Although the creator of the ship not communed with the nazis, they found in the Hindenburg a good way to advertise. Because of this airship should make an appearance over the opening of the Olympic Games of Berlin with a swastika tattooed on.

After a year of use, and having crossed the Atlantic more than 17 times, a day of May 1937, the Hindenburg arrived at naval air station in Lakehurst New Jersey coming from Frankfurt. Suddenly started a fierce fire that began at the stern of the ship. The Hindenburg burned completely in only 43 seconds. This incident ended with the history of airships and 35 of the 97 people who were on board.
Translated for educational purposes.
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