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What is the Zimmermann telegram?


This is an encrypted message sent by the Germans instructing its ambassador to Mexico to establish an alliance with Mexico against the United States. Of course you understand that this happened in the First or Second World Wars. In particular, this telegram was sent on January 16, 1917, ie in the third year of the First World War, the Great War.

Since the German Empire and its allies, the call Triple Alliance, began to show clear signs of wear, because nobody foresaw that this conflict exceed the year of warfare. But it turned out quite the opposite, as contenders, the Allies and the Triple Alliance entered a "bump" military after a year of war as the forces were very balanced, technologically and numerically. The plane, poisonous gases and submarines: During the war many new weapons were used, including. Needless to say that artillery reached a point of perfection never reached before. However, the use of trenches and reinforced structures practically paralyzed any attempt to move to either side.

That is one reason why it was also called the Trench War or War of attrition. As he tried to maintain the active conflict until one party was forced to leave because of lack of resources and that was already happening par 1917. Both the British and the Germans were to exhaust their financial resources because of the war, but the British had to help (unofficial) of the US government, which provided food and weapons through its merchant fleet. In theory this should not happen because the United States was neutral and could sell food but could not sell weapons.

German submarines had more than decimated the British fleet endangering nutrition and supply of arms, but cleverly began to put the American flag on their ships to prevent the attack submarines, among other tricks. The German government, through Arthur Zimmermann Foreign Minister sends the famous telegram to the German ambassador in Mexico, Count Heinrich von Eckardt with instructions to wait for submarine warfare indiscriminately starts, ie submarines would attack any ship to head for England, regardless of their flag.

Once initiated this strategy, which was hopeless, the Germans would try that Americans remain neutral, but if the United States entered the war the ambassador should propose Mexicans join the conflict so they could retrieve Texas, Arizona and New Mexico. Promising substantial resources, the Germans wanted the Mexican mediate with the Japanese government to also entered the war with the Americans.

The plan was very clever because if England looked out of supplies would be a matter of weeks (not months, as foreseen by the German government) would take the Allies to surrender or propose peace. Maybe it would have been successful if only because the coded telegram was intercepted by the British and decryption in part, at least enough to take them as a serious threat. However, the telegram had traveled from Germany to the US and was then relayed to Mexico in three different ways, is through one of these pathways that the English obtained a copy, but meant we also had spies in US territory, spied on his own benefactor and ally future.

This seems a whole novel! It turns out that if they showed the telegram to betray their own spies, besides also betray who were deciphering the code that the Germans had used. Then they asked the spy who had in Mexico to obtain the copy that the postal service was left as proof, luckily for them not only got back, it was also encrypted in an old code because apparently the embassy in Mexico did not have the new system. This allowed them to show telegram noncommittally.

As a result of all these entanglements caused by the Zimmermann telegram, the United States hastened his entry into the war, the Mexican government estimated it would have been a disaster trying to regain the territories lost in the War of Succession, when the Germans proposed and meant for the Germans themselves, around a year, the abdication of the Kaiser and request an armistice.
Translated for educational purposes.
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