What was the first world war?

The first world war known as the great war, as they thought it would be the last of the wars, is a military conflict which began in 1914 and completed in 1918. It is not the first modern war, that dubious distinction corresponds to the Guerra Civil American occurred some fifty years earlier. In these great wars unfortunately not only ends with military objectives, although it seems lie, and we don't want to admit it, but "collateral" so civil, concerning their lives and interests indirectly, and directly with their lives.

As additional data aimed to raise awareness about the damage caused by the wars, even entire villages have come to disappear; We have in addition the use of psychological warfare and slaughter of immense amounts of resources (including human) to obtain even a hill. The difference between this war and the previous is that was the first which affected almost the entire planet and involving several completely new weapons: the plane, the modern submarine, and chemical weapons.

Between late 19th century and early 20th, the European Nations began a set of political and military alliances and a large arms race. The theoretical purpose was to avoid a war if you have more powerful weapons or if your allies (peace army).

The growth of the population and the various failures in expanding territorially trigger this war. The pretext to launch military action was a murder: the heir to the Austrian throne Francisco Fernando made a visit to Sarajevo and he was killed along with his wife Sophia by a Serbian student. Austria ends up declaring war on Serbia and the alliances began to operate. On the one hand were the central powers: Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire.

On the other hand were Russia, Serbia, France and England. At the end of the war Russia is removed, since it had its own political problems that will lead to the Bolshevik revolution, and on the other side have been incorporated United States, Japan, Italy and other countries (the majority of the British Commonwealth). In these years of war techniques were used as sophisticated as counter-espionage (developed during the American civil war) as well as the construction of cannons that were throwing projectiles at more than 100 km away (the Big Bertha and Paris were the nicknames given to such sugar) and such simple techniques as the digging trenches, which paralyzed the war which is dubbed as "Trench warfare" to such an extent.

At the end of the war were more than 10 million people and 8 million disappeared between civilians and soldiers. There were winners as Italy that were so bad as the losers. France and England force to Germany and Austria to sign a fully humiliating Armistice, to pay exorbitant compensation and a series of conditions that could never be met. In the long run, this would be the trigger for the second world war.
Translated for educational purposes.
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