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What was the Persian Gulf war?
The war in the Persian Gulf, or also called "Operation Desert Storm" (although the last term is sometimes used to refer to military operations, land us in the conflict), was an important military battle disputed between Iraq and a military coalition of countries, which arises from a conflict between Iraq and Kuwait. The war began on August 2, 1990 and ended on February 27, 1991.
The motivation for this attack finds its origin in a multi-million-dollar debt from Iraq kept the Government of Kuwait. It was a huge sum of money, roughly 65 trillion dollars, that the Iraqi Government had provided to Kuwait in order to be able to maintain its war with the country of Iran. The other reason is that the enormous wealth of the kuwaiti people could become an important source of relief for the economic problems of Sadam Hussein. On the other hand, a very important reason for the Iraqi invasion is related to the tremendous volumes of oil production in Kuwait and the extraction of the black gold, by this same country, in an area of constant territorial dispute, Rumaila.
The war begins at the moment in which the Republican Guard of Iraq invades Kuwait, with three divisions, at about 2 o'clock in the morning of August 2, 1990. Iraq enters Kuwaiti land with more than 100,000 armed men, and in an attack that lasted about three hours, and in which not met with greater resistance, managed to escape from the emir and his Government, who had found refuge in Saudi Arabia.
International condemnation was swift, and they began the world diplomatic efforts to reverse the situation, led by the United States...
Some time later, on January 16, 1991, a coalition of international military forces, including forces from several Arab States, as well as Great Britain, France, Italy, United States, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, began with the attacks, first by air and then overland, to try to remove Iraqi troops from Kuwait, all under the command of the American general Norman Schwarzkopf. These attacks Iraq responded with a strong offensive that it had with cutting-edge weaponry.
Between 24 and 27 February 1991, after strong offensive attacks to Iraq, was recovered the capital of Kuwait, forcing Iraq to undertake the withdrawal. On February 27 was announced the end of the war between the allies and Iraq, announced by us President George H. Bush.
After the war, the Allied forces commanded by United States, and Iraq, suffered a great stagnation. Sadam Hussein was expelled from Kuwait leaving behind a country destroyed and numerous oil wells burning in fires that took months to extinguish it. Also signed a peace treaty that forced Iraq to destroy any weapon of mass destruction that count, either chemical or biological. The United Nations decided to send inspectors regularly to check that such destruction had been fulfilled or not. Finally, because of an embargo, Iraq was unable to conduct transactions for the purchase or sale of oil or weapons with international markets until the United Nations decide that they had carried out all the requirements of the Treaty of peace.