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What was the war in Viet Nam?

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The Viet Nam war was a military battle between the years 1959 and 1975 in the country that bears the same name. This war finds its origin in the decision, the Communist guerrillas of South Viet Nam, also calls Vietcong, overthrow the Government of the region, with the support of North Viet Nam.

This Vietnamese dispute ended up becoming a conflict of an international character when United States, along with 40 other countries, gave their support to Viet Nam in the South, at the same time that the people's Republic of China and the Soviet Union supported and provided with ammunition to the Vietcong and North Viet Nam.

The Viet Nam war was a conflict as a result of years of problems between Viet Nam and several countries. However, Diem, who for 1955 was the President of the Republic of Viet Nam, due to a possible electoral fraud, decides to refuse to carry out the elections proposed for the reunification of the country that same year, in addition, since the people of the North would not be free to express their wishes. This decision was supported by the United States.

Towards the year 1957 the Vietcong began to sabotage American military installations and already in 1959 began direct attacks on the Government of Diem. Some time later, in order to demonstrate the independence of the Vietcong, the guerrilla group decided to form their own political group, the so-called national front of liberation, or FNL

In 1961 the Estados Unidos President John F. Kennedy undertakes with South Viet Nam to help you maintain your independence, signing a friendship and cooperation agreement. Because of this, a year later, became the first American troops to Saigon, consisting of 11,200 soldiers.

A coup occurred in November 1963, managed to overthrow the Government of Diem, who along with some of his advisers, was executed. During the next year and half, South Viet Nam had more than 10 Governments, requiring the formation of a National Council Director, directed by Nguyên Van Thieu and Nguyen Cao Ky, who ended the political chaos. Two years later, in 1967, Thieu was elected President of South Vietnam. However, the political situation in chaos had prepared the ground for strong American intervention, whose systematic shelling to the North Viet Nam began in 1964, under the mandate of President Lyndon B. Johnson.

Viet Nam of North American attacks did more than increase resistance nationalist, in addition to generating a strong rejection in its own population before their intervention in this conflict. Under the pressure of public opinion, the Government of the United States declared it was a war that could not be won, so were promptly stopped the attacks to Viet Nam in the North, which led to the start of talks for peace between the United States and the South Viet Nam North Viet Nam.

The balance of the war deaths shows a number of dramatic, dying more than 2 million Vietnamese and 57.685 American soldiers.
Translated for educational purposes.
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