The orography is the part of physical geography which is dedicated to the description of the mountains. Through its cartographic representations (cards), it is possible to consult and to consider the relief of a region.
Orographic studies are important in the planning of various infrastructure projects. When extending the tracks or before drawing a new route, it is essential to know the orographic characteristics of the ground in order to adapt to the slopes, slopes, etc.
Agriculture and mining are also appeal to the orography since terrain analysis allows to know the characteristics of the soil and subsoil. For a correct use of these resources, therefore, the orographic work is necessary.
Furthermore, the notion of orography is used to evoke all the elevations that exist in a particular region. Examples: "the orography of the Nepal is quite important", "We live in a city where the orography is poor, almost without waves", "If you want to hike, you must know the orography of the place to visit", "when I spoke of the orography of this country, I never thought I was going to meet a beautiful landscape.
We can say that the terrain affects the climate of each region. The mountains have influence on precipitation (rain) because the upward movement of air (which is inevitable in bothersome Summit / the orographic barrier of the mountain) generates a condensation. This same feature causes a greater cloudiness (more clouds). The tops of the mountains, on the other hand, are also accelerate the speed of the winds.