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What is Gefirofobia | Psychology Concepts.

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Gefirofobia, also referred to as gefidrofobia or gefisrofobia is a psychological character disorder, characterized by exaggerated or irrational fear that an individual has towards the bridges and overpasses. These individuals avoid at all cost routes that may have bridges or viaducts en route, especially those in which are about waterways, which are too high or too narrow, so we are always looking for alternate routes, even if these are longer relative to its destination.
The fact of crossing a bridge or overpass generates a series of unpleasant reactions in gefirofóbicos, such as panic, terror, fear, tachycardia, excessive sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, dry mouth, among others, because they fear being arrested and exposed to suffer accidents (car pileup, drop the bridge, explosions, etc.). Is a type of specific phobia, where the causes may be related to a traumatic event that happened at some point in your life where you had any negative experience with bridges or viaducts. For some, the panic to cross bridges can also be connected with other fears such as fear of heights (acrophobia).
This phobia limits gefirofóbicos individuals, since many of them avoid leaving their hometowns to make long trips, afraid to find bridges and viaducts, and lose control over themselves. In cases where there is no alternative and having to cross a bridge or overpass, the gefirofóbicos if you're driving a car, for example, are directed to a friend or to a Highway Patrolman to cross over. Even with my eyes closed, like most gefirofóbicos do, they feel all panic of they know they're under a bridge or going through an underpass.
The treatment of gefirofobia is based on psychotherapies where gradual desensitization techniques are used, as is also provided to patients all assistance to deal with their problems, they will learn including self-help techniques (relaxation and breath control), to decrease anxiety. In addition, sessions of hypnosis have been effective as also the use of anxiolytic drugs.
Exposure to the phobic stimulus (bridges and viaducts) causes an immediate response to anxiety in gefirofóbicos. So it is very important the treatment as a way to alleviate anxiety to avoid even larger disturbances, because a person more prone to myocardial infarction, hypertension and some organic disease due to excessive anxiety, can be avoided with the treatment.

Bibliographical References:

http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gefirofobia
http://virtualpsy.locaweb.com.br/index.php?art=182&sec=58
http://www.orgone.com.br/a_fobias.html
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