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Definition of LaparoscopyThe laparoscopy (or laparoscopy) is a Visual exploration technique that allows to observe the pelvic-abdominal cavity with an instrument.
This instrument, which is sterilized after each procedure (surgery) so that it can continue to be used, emits light to illuminate the cavity and has a camera that transmits images of the inside of the body. The technique gives the possibility of mini - invasive surgery as simply just an incision not exceeding 1.5 cm so that the device can enter the body.
Examples: "I'm a little scared: tomorrow, it will make me a laparoscopy", "the doctor told me that laparoscopy may be indicated for treatments of this kind", "the scar that left me the laparoscopy is almost imperceptible."
The small incisions cause less major cosmetic brands, reduced post-operative pain and a faster overall recovery compared to traditional open surgery.
Laparoscopy, however, is not without potential complications. The instrument has access to vital organs, which can be damaged, and the incision can become infected. The technique requires a surgeon experienced, able to move without errors.
Cystectomy (which allows to remove the bladder or a portion thereof, in the case of bladder cancer), cholecystectomy (extraction of gallbladder in the presence of calculations/calculi, urinary or other disorders) and appendectomy (which allows to remove the ileo-caecal Appendix in the presence of acute appendicitis) are surgeries that can be developed using this technique.