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Biography of Adolf Hitler | Leader of the nazi Germany.

(Braunau, Bohemia, 1889 - Berlin, 1945) Leader of the nazi Germany. After being appointed Chancellor in 1933, it liquidated the democratic institutions of the Republic and established a dictatorship of a single party (the nazi party, short for National Socialist Party), from which brutally suppressed all opposition and prompted a formidable propaganda machine at the service of his ideas: superiority of the Aryan race, nationalistic exaltation and pangermanica, revanchist militarism, anti-communism and anti-Semitism.

Adolf Hitler
The doctrine of the "vital space" and the ideal Rudolf unite peoples of German-language would lead him to an aggressive expansionism; in support of its belligerent policy, Hitler rearmed Germany reorganized and modernized its army into a formidable machinery. France and Britain consented to the annexation of Austria and the occupation of Czechoslovakia, but finally the German invasion of Poland triggered the second war world (1939-45), whose first phase gave Hitler the control of all of Europe, except Britain. The failed invasion of Russia and the United States intervention reversed the course of the contest; Despite the inevitable defeat, Hitler rejected any negotiations, dragged Germany to a desperate resistance, and committed suicide in his bunker shortly before the fall of Berlin.
Biography
Son of an Austrian customs, his childhood spent in his youth in Vienna and Linz. The formation of Adolf Hitler was scarce and self-taught, he received little education. In Vienna (1907-13) failed in its vocation of painter, malvivió like Tramp and saw grow their racist prejudices at the sight of a cosmopolitan city, whose intellectual and multicultural vitality was completely incomprehensible. From that time dates his conversion to Germanic nationalism and anti-Semitism.
In 1913 Adolf Hitler fled from the Austro-Hungarian Empire to not perform military service; He took refuge in Munich and joined the German army during the first World War (1914-18). The defeat gave him the policy, wielding an ideology of nationalist reaction, marked by the rejection of the new democracy of the Weimar Republic, whose politicians accused of betraying Germany accepting the humiliating conditions of peace of the Treaty of Versailles (1918).

Hitler to 1933
Back in Munich, Hitler joined a small far-right party, which soon became leader, renaming it as National Socialist Party of German workers (NSDAP). The party declared nationalist, anti-Semitic, anti-communist, anti-liberal, antidemocrata, antipacifista and anti-capitalist, although this last revolutionary component of social character would soon be forgotten; such variegated conglomerate ideological, predominantly negative, it fed on the fears of the German middle classes to the uncertainties of the modern world. Influenced by the fascism of Mussolini, this movement, adverse to both the existing and any trend of progress, represented the reactionary response to the crisis of the liberal state that the war had accelerated.
However, Hitler would soon make heard their propaganda. In 1923, he failed in a first attempt to take power from Munich, supported by militias armed Ludendorff («Putsch of the brewery»). He was arrested, tried and imprisoned, although only time which took the opportunity to express their political ideas he spent in prison a year and a half, extremists in a book that was titled my fight and that was designing the broad outlines of his subsequent performance.

Adolf Hitler
Back in freedom since 1925, Hitler reconstituted the National Socialist Party driving potential rivals and surrounded himself with a group of faithful as Goering, Himmler and Goebbels. The deep economic crisis since 1929 and the political difficulties of the Weimar Republic provided him a growing audience among the legions of unemployed and discontented willing to listen to their demagogic propaganda, wrapped in a paraphernalia of parades, flags, anthems, and uniforms.
The Third Reich
Cleverly combining the legal political struggle with the unlawful use of violence on the streets, the National Socialists or nazis were gaining electoral weight until Hitler (who had never obtained majority) was appointed head of the Government by President Hindenburg in 1933. From the Chancellery, Hitler destroyed the constitutional regime and replaced it by a one-party dictatorship based on personal power. Thus began the so-called Third Reich (the third German Empire, after the Holy Roman Empire of the middle ages and the Empire of 1871, disappeared with the first world war), which was but a totalitarian regime based on a nationalism and the exaltation of a racial superiority without scientific basis whatsoever (based on stereotypes that contrasted with the ridiculous figure of the own Hitler).
After the death of Hindenburg, Hitler proclaimed himself Führer or «leader» of Germany and submitted to the army to an oath of allegiance. The bloody crackdown against dissidents culminated in the purge of the Nazi ranks during the "night of the knives long» (1934) and the establishment of a total police control of society, while the persecution against the Jews, initiated with the racists Nuremberg laws (1935) and the pogrom known as the 'night of glass broken» (1938) , it would lead to the systematic extermination of the European Jews from 1939 (the "Final Solution").
The international politics of Hitler was the key to its promised reconstruction of Germany, based on the divert attention away from internal conflicts to an aggressive foreign policy. It lined up with the Italian fascist dictatorship, which took part in rescue of Franco in the Spanish Civil War (1936-39), rehearsal for the subsequent world war; and completed its alliances with the incorporation of the Japan in an anti-Soviet Alliance (Covenant Antikomintern, 1936) to form the axis Berlin-roma - Tokyo (1937).

Mussolini and Hitler (Munich, 1940)
Militaristic convinced, Hitler began by rearm the country to enforce its demands by force (restoration of conscription in 1935, remilitarization of the Rhineland in 1936); Thus he reactivated the German industry, reduced unemployment and nearly overcame the economic depression that had led him to power.
Then, leaning on the ideal pangermanist, claimed the union of all the German-speaking territories: first withdrew from the League of Nations, rejecting its methods of peaceful arbitration (1933); He then forced the assassination of Dollfuss (1934) Austrian President and the Anschluss , or annexation of Austria (1938); He then invaded the Czech region of Sudetenland and, after mislead Western diplomacy, promising not to have more ambitions (Conference of Munich, 1938), occupied the rest of Czechoslovakia, split it in two, and subjected it to a protectorate; even were allowed to snatch the territory of Memel (1939) to Lithuania.
The second world war
When the conflict surrounding the free city of Danzig led him to invade Poland, France and Britain reacted and broke out the second World War (1939-45). Adolf Hitler had prepared their forces for this great confrontation, which according to him would allow the expansion of Germany to achieve world hegemony (Protocol Hossbach, 1937); in anticipation of the outbreak of the war had reinforced its alliance with Italy (Pact of steel, 1939) and, above all, it had concluded a Pact of non aggression with the Soviet Union (1939), according to Stalin the Division of Poland.
The modern army had prepared won brilliant victories in all fronts during the first years of the war, making Hitler almost throughout Europe by means of a 'lightning war' owner: occupied Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Yugoslavia and Greece (while Italy, Spain, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Finland were their allies, and countries such as Sweden and Switzerland declared a benevolent neutrality).
Only Britain Churchill resisted the attempted invasion (aerial battle of Britain, 1940-41); but the fate of Hitler began to change when he launched the invasion of Russia (1941), both responding to the ideal of Nazism as the project basic anti-Communist snatch «bottom» East Slavic race «living space» who dreamed to enlarge to Germany. From the battle of Stalingrad (1943), the course of the war was reversed and the Soviet forces began a counter-offensive that wouldn't stop to take Berlin in 1945; at the same time, re-opened the Western front with the massive support in men and weapons from United States (involved in the war since 1941), allowing the landing of Normandy (1944).
Defeated and unsuccessful all their projects, Hitler saw how began to leave him his colleagues while the own Germany was ravaged by Allied armies; in his limited vision of the world, there was no site for commitment or surrender, so he dragged his country to the disaster. After having shaken the world with their dream of world hegemony of German 'race', causing a total war on planetary scale and a genocide unprecedented in the concentration camps, Hitler committed suicide in the bunker of the Chancellery where they had taken refuge, a few days after the entry of the Russians in Berlin.
Extracted from the website: Biografías y Vidas
Biographies of historical figures and personalities

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