(Eleusis, Greece current, 525 BC-456 BC, Gela, Sicily) Tragic Greek. Aeschylus lived in a period of greatness for Athens, after victories against the Persians at the battles of Marathon and Salamis, which was directly involved. After his first success, the Persians (472 BC), Aeschylus took a trip to Sicily, called the Court of Hiero, where again a few years later to settle.
Ninety works written by Aeschylus, only have survived complete seven, among them a trilogy, the Oresteia (Agamemnon, the coeforas and the Eumenides, 478 BC). Aeschylus is considered the founder of the genre of Greek tragedy, from lyric coral, to introduce a second actor on stage, which allowed independent dialogue of the choir, apart from other innovations in the scenery and theatrical technique.
Aeschylus carried scene the great mythological cycles in the history of Greece, through which reflected the submission of man to a destination superior even to the divine will, inevitable eternal (moira) governing the nature and against which individual acts are sterile, pure pride (hubris, hubris) devoted to the necessary punishment. In his works, the tragic hero, who is not involved in great actions, appears in the center of this cosmic order; the symbolic value passed to first term, facing the psychological treatment.
The tragic genre represented a perfect synthesis of cultural tensions that lived the classical Greece between traditional religious beliefs and democratic and rationalist trends. Apart from the aforementioned, the works of Aeschylus that have been preserved are the suppliants (c. 490), the seven against Thebes (467) and Prometheus bound, work on which there are still doubts.