(Eva Duarte de Perón, called Evita Peron; Los Toldos, Argentina, 1919-Buenos Aires, 1952) Argentine politics. Juan Duarte and Juana Ibarguren, illegitimate daughter lived poorly in his hometown until at the age of sixteen he fled to Buenos Aires. In Buenos Aires he worked as actress in local small and on the radio, and from 1935 began to enjoy some popularity, but her roles lacked relevance.
Evita and Juan Domingo Perón
In such circumstances he met Colonel Juan Domingo Perón, with whom he began an intimate relationship and got married in 1945. This year, Perón was ousted from office of the Secretary of labor and the Vice President of the nation and confined on the island of Martin Garcia. Eva then showed his great energy and charisma to connect with the Nationalist army sectors related to her husband and workers who had benefited from the social measures promoted by Perón from his post.
The campaign of social upheaval that undertook culminated on October 17, when thousands of workers, which she called "descamisados", occupied the center of Buenos Aires to demand the freedom of the politician, one of the largest demonstrations held in the country until then.
Once released, Perón was presented to the February 1946 elections and won a resounding victory. Despite the popularity that was, she did not accept any official position and preferred to promote a social policy from the Presidency of a foundation that bore her name. Financed with public funds, the Eva Perón Foundation handed out social aid to those most in need.
Evita and Juan Domingo Perón
Avoid, as they had begun to call the popular classes, the General Labour Confederation (CGT) became the human face of the regime and in linking the President with worker organizations, mainly. Its particular concern for the situation of women led her to found the female Peronist party in 1949 and to promote the better integration of women in the labour market-oriented.
Thanks to his intervention, labour legislation articulated during the first presidency of general Perón resulted in improved conditions of life of the workers and the hitherto marginalized sectors of Argentine society. Neither remained alien to the situation of the Spanish people, and in 1947 he travelled to Spain, in the worst moments of the international isolation of the Franco regime. His visit was preceded by the granting of Peronist rule to the Spanish regime of a millionaire loan for the purchase of wheat, corn, meat, vegetables, etc.
In 1951, the year in which published his autobiography the reason for my life, the CGT ran it as a candidate for the Vice Presidency. However, the proposal met with the fierce opposition of the armed forces, who saw in it a threat in his capacity as spokesperson of the line more radical and demanding of peronism. On the other hand, the own Eva was reluctant to accept public office, convinced that the effectiveness of its work was in the proximity of its relationship with the people. In addition, knowledge of the serious illness that afflicted it induced it to renounce the nomination in an emotional Act which addressed the crowd from the balcony of Government House.
His death meant the beginning of the decline of the Peronist regime, who three years later was overthrown by a military coup. To avoid the popular pilgrimage to his tomb, the military abducted and moved the corpse of Eva Perón to Italy and later to Spain. In 1975, the Government of the President of the country, which had been the third wife of the general, María Estela Isabel Martínez de Perón, carried back to Argentina the remains of Eva Perón.