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British heavy metal band, one of the most prominent of the 1980s, led by Steve Harris (1957). Established in 1977 by the own Steve Harris and guitarist Dave Murray in the working-class district in London's East End, was baptized with the name of a torture instrument of the middle ages (Iron Maden, which means iron lady).
After editing a LP in an independent record label, the group signed by the EMI label and released their debut album, Iron Maiden, which was quickly placed in the top ten in the UK charts in 1980. His next work, Killers, revealed the potential of a band that had found a star in their new singer Bruce Dickinson (1958), which became a part of the Group replacing Paul Di'anno. His contribution was essential to increase the strength of their live performances.
The album released the following year, The number of the beast, became a classic among heavy metal discs. Run to the hills, the single extracted from the album, it is still one of the most famous titles of the group. All met the expectations of the most demanding fans, and began to consider Iron Maiden as the best training heavy metal of the moment.
After several changes, the Group remained fairly stable from 1982: the founders, Steve Harris and Dave Murray, joined Nico McBrain (percussion), Adrian Smith (guitar) and Bruce Dickinson (vocals). The changes did not affect the quality of the work, and both Piece of mind (1983), Powerslave (1984) were albums best seller in Europe, although the American market still resisted them.
The triumph in this market was verified after a series of international tours, which were collected on the double album Live after death (1985). His next work, Somewhere in time (1986) reached the number three of the lists of the United Kingdom and the United States eleven. By that time the critics began to censor the stagnation of the group, to which accused reiterate the same formulas.
However, until the departure of Dickinson in 1993, sales figures continued to be very high: Seventh are of seventh are (1988), Infinite dreams (1989), No prayer for the dying (1990) and Fear of the dark (1991, number 1 in Britain) were genuine commercial successes, rivaling with the mainstream genres. And since 1993, the incorporation of new singer Blaze Bayley provided to group new successes, such as LPs (1995) The X Factor and Virtual XI (1998).
Probably the most iconic heavy metal band, Iron Maiden has contributed decisively to promote the genre and influenced subsequent generations of musicians who were inspired by the distinctive "sound Maiden". The impressive display of media in their performances live had no Paragon and set new standards in regard to optical and acoustic effects. The thundering rhythms at breakneck speed and the shrill voice of the soloist were combined with a tremendous display of lighting and plenty of spooky symbols, including a skeleton of three meters high called Eddy the Knife, mascot of the band.