Biography of Juan Rulfo | Mexican writer.

(Sayula, Mexico, 1918 - city of Mexico, 1986) Mexican writer. An only book of tales, the llano in llamas (1953), and a single novel, Pedro Páramo (1955), took for Juan Rulfo was recognized as one of the great masters of the Spanish-American narrative of the 20th century. His work, as brief as intense, occupies an unequalled position within Latin-American literature of the 1960s called Boom , for its quality publishing phenomenon that announced to the world the size of the new (and not so new, as is the case with Rulfo) narrators of the continent.

Juan Rulfo
Juan Rulfo grew up in the small town of St. Gabriel, rural village dominated by the superstition and the cult of the dead, and there suffered the harsh consequences of the cristeras fights in his immediate family (his father was killed). Those early years of his life would have to comply in part desolate universe that Juan Rulfo recreated in his brief but brilliant work.
In 1934 he moved to the city of Mexico, where he worked as an agent of immigration in the Ministry of the Interior. From 1938 he began to travel in some regions of the country in service fees and published his most important stories in literary magazines. In the fifteen stories that integrate the llano in llamas (1953), Juan Rulfo offered a first literary sublimation, through concise, expressive, prose of the reality of the peasants of their land, in stories that transcended the pure social anecdote.
In his best-known work, Pedro Páramo (1955), Rulfo gave a more perfected form to this mechanism of internalization of the reality of his country, in a universe where cohabit the mysterious and the real thing; the result is a deeply disturbing text that has been judged as one of the best novels of contemporary literature.
The protagonist of the novel, Juan Preciado, arrive at the ghostly village of Comala in search of his father, Pedro Páramo, he does not know. The voices of the people you talk about and reconstruct the past of the people and their chieftain, the fearsome Pedro Páramo; Precious takes note that in fact all the villagers have died, and he also dies, but novel follows its course, with new monologues and conversations among dead, drawing overwhelming portrait of a world ruined by misery and moral degradation. As the Macondo of Gabriel García Márquez, the burning and sterile Comala becomes mythical space that reflects the tragic historical development of the country, from Porfiriato to the Mexican Revolution.
From the technical point of view, the novel is masterfully served innovations introduced in the European and North American literature between the wars (Proust, Faulkner, Joyce), line for many authors the Boom; in the 1960s initially raised as a story in first person in the mouth of its protagonist, attending then fragmentation of the narrative universe by alternating the points of view (with frequent use of interior monologue) and chronological breaks. Rulfo also wrote screenplays like a wounded Dove (1963) and another excellent Novella, the Golden Cockerel (1963). In 1970 he received the national prize of literature of Mexico, and in 1983, the Prince of Asturias of the letters.
Extracted from the website: Biografías y Vidas
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