Biography of Lope de Vega | Spanish writer.

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(Félix Lope de Vega y Carpio, Madrid, 1562 - ID, 1635) Spanish writer. Lope de Vega came from a humble family and his life was extremely eventful and full of loving lances. He studied at the Jesuits in Madrid (1574) and attended college in Alcalá (1576), although he did not get the degree of Bachelor.
Due to the composition of a few defamatory tracts against the actress Elena Osorio (Phillies) and his family, by unhappy love affairs, Lope de Vega was banished from the Court (1588-1595). This was not the only process that was involved: in 1596, after being pardoned in 1595 of exile, was processed by de facto relationship with Antonia Trillo.

Lope de Vega
He was enrolled, at least two military expeditions: one was that conquered the island of Terceira in the Azores (1583), the command of don Álvaro de Bazán, and the other, in the Spanish Armada. He was Secretary of several important personalities, such as the Marquis of Malpica, or the Duke of Alba, and from 1605 was in the service of the Duke of Sessa, relationship based on a mutual friendship.
Lope was married twice: with Isabel de Urbina (Belisa), with which he married by proxy after having kidnapped before leaving exile in Madrid; and with Juana de Guardo in 1598. Apart from these two marriages, his love life was very intense, since it maintained relations with numerous women, even after having been ordained a priest. Among her lovers can quote to Marina de Aragon, Micaela Luján (Camila Lucinda), with whom he had two children, Marcela and Lope Felix, and Marta de Nevares (Amarilis and Marcia Leonarda), in addition to those already mentioned above.
Works by Lope de Vega
The biography of Lope de Vega and the work presented a great grasp, and both were almost abnormal exuberance. Like other writers of his time, he cultivated every literary genre.
The first novel he wrote, La Arcadia (1598), is a pastoral work which included many poems. In the shepherds of Bethlehem (1612), another pastoral novel but «divine», included, again, numerous sacred poems. Between these two appeared the Byzantine novel the Pilgrim in his homeland (1604), which includes four sacramental. La Filomena and La Circe contain four short Italian-type novels, dedicated to Marta de Nevares. Humanistic comedy in vulgar language, La Dorotea, that recounts his frustrated youth love with Elena Osorio is attached to the tradition of La Celestina.
His poetry used in all possible ways and attracted to him equally popular lyric and the culterana of Luis de Góngora, although, in general, he defended the "light verse". On the one hand they are extensive and Unitarians, poems of narrative tone and often epic or mythological subject, such as, for example La Dragontea (1598); The beauty of Angelica (1602), inspired by the Orlando of Ariosto; Conquered Jerusalem (1609), based on Torquato Tasso; The Andromeda (1621) and the Circe (1624). El Isidro (1599) and also the loving soliloquies (1626) is religious themes. The Gatomaquia (1634) is an epic parody.
In terms of short poems, his poetry used all meters and genres. It is collected in the you rhymes (1602), rhymes sacred (1614), spiritual ballads (1619), divine with other sacral rhymes triumphs (1625), human and divine rhymes of the licensed Tomé de Burguillos (1634) and the Vega of the Parnassus (1637).
The theater of Lope
Where actually see the renovator Lope is in the dramatic genre. After a long experience of many years writing for the stage, Lope composed at the request of the Academy of Madrid, art new make comedies at this time (1609). It exposes its dramatic theories, coming to be a counterpoint to horacianas theories, exposed in the Epistle to the Pisones.
Three - action, time and place - units, Lope only advised to respect the unity of action to keep the likelihood, and rejects the other two, especially in historical works, where to understand the absurdity of his observation; recommended mixture of tragedy and comedy (in line with the author of La Celestina): hence the enormous importance of the figure of the gracioso in his theatre and, in general, in all the works of the golden age; It regulates the use of the stanzas according to situations and goes to the Spanish traditional acquis to extract their arguments (Chronicles, romances, sermonettes).
In general, the plays of Lope de Vega revolve around two themes, love and honour, and their audience is more varied, from illiterate to the more cultured and refined people. Of his very extensive work, more than «thousand» in the words of the author himself, some three hundred secure attribution are preserved.
The theme is so varied that it is difficult to classify. The largest group is the swashbuckling, comedies based on the intrigue of loving action: La dama boba, the Spice-Belisa, punishment of the discreet, Knight of the miracle, the disgruntled Estefania, discrete girlfriend, punishment without revenge, love without knowing who and steel Madrid. Chivalrous theme: the Boyhood of Roldán and the Marquis of Mantua. Biblical theme and lives of the Saints: the creation of the world and the theft of Dina. Classical history: against value there is no misfortune. Spanish historical event: the bastard Mudarra and the duque de Viseo.
His best known works are dealing the problems of abuses by the nobles, frequent situations in the political chaos of the fifteenth-century Spain; These include The star of Seville, Sheepish source, the best Mayor, the King, Peribáñez and el comendador de Ocaña and El caballero de Olmedo. Love theme are the maiden Teodor, the dog in the Manger, the punishment of the discreet, the beautiful ugly and moza de cantaro.
Extracted from the website: Biografías y Vidas
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