American rock band formed to 1986 by Kurt Cobain and Krist Novoselic. Despite its short existence as a group, and the suicide of Cobain in 1994, his music garnered a tremendous success around the world, to the point that Nirvana was considered one of the best bands of rock of the era and the standard bearer of the Grunge movement.
Home of In utero (1993), his latest album
Kurt Cobain and Krist Novoselic spent part of his teens in the city of Aberdeen (Washington State). Together had played in some bands in the area of Washington, such as The Sellouts, Skid Row or The Stiff Woodies.
In 1988 they recorded a demo and the Sub Pop label offered to record a single. Almost at the same time produced changes in the seat of the battery; Chad Channing was definitely. Love Buzz was released in November of that year, and in June 1989 saw light Bleach, the first album of the band, fresh and bitter at the same time, produced by guru Jack Endino. That same year Jason Everman as a second guitar, ephemeral union of only a few months, joined them and soon after they embarked on a tour of Europe with TAD.
In May 1990, at the end of the American tour, Channing left the group. After these changes, Dave Grohl would finally occupy this position, after editing a single Sliver, which still played Channing on one side and on the other, Dan Peters of Mudhoney. It also marked his first collaboration with producer Butch Vig, another guru of the then so-called "movida Grunge", and better known lately for his new band, Garbage.
With Butch Vig, they recorded their first album for Geffen, Nevermind, released in September 1991, which would take less than a month to sell half a million copies in the USA. The video of the first single taken from the LP Smells like teen spirit was massively broadcast by MTV, contributing to its rapid expansion around the globe. The album reached number one in the lists of the United States in January 1992.
Although step to a multinational record company was noted in some of the contents of the drive, their second full length followed the line opened by Bleach: feelings and passions take precedence over technical perfection and, aided by a good promotion, are made as standard bearers of the Grunge movement.
Home of In utero (1993), his latest album
Soon after, Kurt Cobain was married to Courtney Love, leader of the band Hole. Did tours in summer in Europe (by then was born Frances Bean, daughter of the marriage) and began to record his next job at the end of that year with the legendary Steve Albini. This producer and American musician, who had fought in Big Black and then formed Rapeman, had produced numerous bands such as Pixies and The Breeders, before working with the trio.
In Utero was the title chosen for this work, which was extracted Heart-Shaped Box as a single advance, in September 1993. Between these two albums Incesticide was released at the end of 1992, compilation of B-sides and news, trading deftly on his label, trying to make it seem a group AOR (Adult Orient Rock, or "adult rock") referred to in terms of regularity, to Nirvana thing difficult, given the particular nature of Kurt Cobain.
The end of 1993 and the beginning of 1994 was tumultuous, with calls to police from his home in Seattle and an income at a hospital in Rome, clear preludes to the fatal outcome: the suicide of Cobain in Seattle, in April 1994.
Nirvana ceased to exist as a group, and although some time later Krist Novoselic returned to start from below with a new group called Sweet 75, which worked with total independence, never get great international impact.
In 1995 Dave Grohl decided to go ahead on their own, and recorded solo which would be their first album with a new group. Only his friend Greg Dulli (of the Afghan Whigs) helped him with some contribution in the form of electric guitar, and in the summer of 1995 came to light the first album by The Foo Fighters. Once released the album, recruited Pat Smear (before The Germs and Nirvana) and two former members of Sunny Day Real Estate, Nate Mendel and William Goldsmith, as lifelong learning. This first album got an exceptional reception among critics and the public, mixing some of the Grunge of the past with an explosive Power-pop. In 1997 they released their second album, The colour and the shape, which followed the line of his predecessor in terms of style and success.
At the end of 2004, after the endless lawsuits among survivors of Nirvana (Novoselic, Grohl, the widow of Cobain, Courtney Love, and the record owner of the rights of the songs), was With the lights out, an album with sixty-eight unreleased tracks, between trials and home recordings of the group, which settled back to Nirvana in the first pages of the music press from around the world.