Biography of Pablo Picasso | Spanish painter.

(Pablo Ruiz Picasso; Malaga, 1881 - Moulins, France, 1973) Spanish painter. The significance of Picasso is not exhausted in the founding of cubism, revolutionary trend that definitely broke with traditional representation to liquidate the perspective and the unique point of view. Over its long history, Pablo Picasso explored incessantly new ways and influenced all the facets of the art of the 20th century, embodying as any other concern and responsiveness of the contemporary artist. His total dedication to the creative work and lively personality, on the other hand, never would alienate him from the problems of his time; one of his masterpieces, Guernica (1937), is the best illustration of his condition committed artist.

Pablo Picasso
Son of the also artist José Ruiz Blasco, in 1895 moved with his family to Barcelona, where the young painter surrounded himself with a group of artists and writers, including the quote to the artists Ramon Casas and Santiago Rusiñol, with those who used to meet at the bar Els Quatre Gats. Between 1901 and 1904, Pablo Picasso alternated his residence between Madrid, Barcelona and Paris, as his paintings entered the so-called Blue period, strongly influenced by the symbolism stage. In the spring of 1904, Picasso decided to move permanently to Paris and set in a Studio on the banks of the Seine.
In the French capital locked friendship, among others, the poets Max Jacob and Guillaume Apollinaire and the playwright André Salmon; in the meantime, his painting underwent a new evolution, characterized by a chromatic palette to earth colors and pink (pink period). Shortly after arriving in Paris, he got in touch with peripheral figures in the artistic and Bohemian, scene as Americans Leo and Gertrude Stein, or which would be forever his dealer, Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler.
At the end of 1906, Pablo Picasso began to work on a composition of great format that would change the course of 20th-century art: Les demoiselles d'Avignon. In this work Summit gathered numerous influences, which include as main Iberian and African art and elements taken from El Greco and Cézanne. Under the constant influence of the latter, and in the company of another young painter, Georges Braque, Pablo Picasso ventured on a review of much of the plastic inheritance since the Renaissance, especially in the field of the pictorial representation of the volume. Geometric frames eliminate spatial depth and introduce time as dimension to combine different points of view: was the beginning of cubism.

Les demoiselles d'Avignon (1907)
and detail of Guernica (1937)
Picasso and Braque developed that style in a first phase called Analytics (1909-1912). In 1912 they introduced an element of flexibility in the form of paper cuts and other materials directly applied onto the canvas, technical called collage. The admission into the innermost circle of the Cubism of Juan Gris Spanish painter led to stage synthetic of that style, marked by a rich range of colors and material multiplicity and referential.
Between 1915 and mid of the Decade of 1920, Picasso was abandoning the rigors of cubism into a new stage of figurativista, within the framework of a meeting between classicism and the growing influence of what the artist called «Mediterranean origins». Married since 1919 to the Russian Dancer Olga Koklova and now father of a son, Paulo, Pablo Picasso began to be interested in the sculpture following their meeting in 1928 with the catalan artist Julio González; between the two they introduced important innovations, such as the use of wrought iron. In 1935 was born his daughter Maya, fruit of a new relationship with Marie-Thérèse Walter, with whom Pablo Picasso lived openly despite follow married with Olga Koklova; from 1936, both should share the painter with a third woman, the photographer Dora Maar.
The mural Guernica (1937) large pushed the outbreak of the Spanish civil war to a greater political awareness, fruit of which is one of the most universally admired works. Reduction to the minimum of chromaticism, the dislocation of the figures and their wrenching symbolism make up a stunning denunciation of the bombing of German aviation, that on April 26, 1937 devastated this town Basque in a support action to the Francoist troops. In 1943 he met Françoise Gilot, which would have two children, Claude and Paloma. Three years later, Pablo Picasso left Paris to settle in Antibes, where ceramics joined their favorite mounts.
In the 1950s he made numerous series on large classic works of painting, which reinterpreted tribute. In 1961 Pablo Picasso married second wife Jacqueline Roque; It would be their last romantic relationship of importance. Already become a legend in life and the epitome of the avant-garde, the artist and Jacqueline retreated to the castle of Vouvenargues, where the creator continued working tirelessly until the day of his death.
Extracted from the website: Biografías y Vidas
Biographies of historical figures and personalities

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