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(Edinburgh, 1771 - Abbotsford, United Kingdom, 1832) Novelist, poet, and British publisher. The romantic historical novel is Walter Scott, if not their inventor, his first and most influential representative. Son of a lawyer, from his childhood became fascinated by legends and episodes mainly medieval, historical, in his Scottish homeland, which would then constitute the main theme of many of his poems and novels.
Law degree, his first steps in literature gave as a translator, pouring into English works such as Lenore, of Gottfried À. Bürger, and Berlichingen-Götz, of Goethe. The publication, between 1802 and 1803, Trovas of the Scottish border ballads collection unveiled its name to the general public, which also welcomed with enthusiasm a series of long narrative poems such as the song of the last Troubadour and the Lady of the Lake.
1814 dates his first novel, Waverley, published anonymously as the majority of which followed, in consideration for the office of its author (Selkirk sheriff from 1799 and Secretary of the courts of Edinburgh from 1806) and the dubious reputation of the genre. With her and with the later (the antique collector, Rob Roy, Ivanhoe, pirate, Quentin Durward, the talisman) established the canons of the historical novel, as this would develop until well into the 20th century. The most famous of the aforementioned is Ivanhoe (1820), which develops the contradictions between the Saxons and the Normans in a plot of adventures.
The authorship of these novels was not revealed until 1826, on the other hand especially painful year for Scott, which suffered the death of his wife and the bankruptcy of the Publisher Constable, which had invested money and which contracted a debt of 130,000 pounds. Earlier, in 1820, he had been appointed baron of Abbotsford.
Scholars of the work of Scott defines it as the founder of the historical novel, and praise his powers to recreate the reality of Scotland's past and the average age with vigor and descriptive talent, based on dialogues and arguments that fascinated by the quality of creating expectations in the reader. On the other hand, showed an excellent sense of smell to discern the political conflicts of his time and represent them in fiction. Master of dialogue and description, possessor of a vigorous and poetic, Walter Scott style influenced novelists of his time, both from their homeland as foreign, and also musicians and painters who glosaron and recreated his themes.