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Concept and Meaning of MenopauseMenopause comes from a Greek word that refers to the cessation of natural menstruation. Biology, on the other hand, defines menopause as a time of life preceding and following the extinction of the genital function.
Menopause is a stage of ageing of the reproduction which is characterized by the permanent cessation of menstruation (the expulsion of the blood through the vagina from the uterus that characterized the beginning of the sexual cycle in women).
Typically, menopause begins around the age of 45. Subsequently, the menstrual cycle becomes irregular due to a decline in the levels of estrogen and progesterone. It is noted that the use of contraceptive drugs and certain types of surgeries (such as hysterectomy and oophorectomy) can also cause menopause.
The cessation of menstruation is not the only consequence of the decrease in levels of female hormones. Menopause can also cause hot flashes, palpitations, dizziness, and insomnia. In addition, the metabolic changes cause an increase in body fat and loss of bone mass.
With the physical changes, menopause causes various disorders emotional female. Stress and irritability known at this stage can lead a person to eat in abundance or abusing alcohol.
Despite all the drawbacks caused by these changes, social design about menopause has changed over recent years and the process has lost its negative charge, and is now accepted as a step in the life of the woman unless it loses fullness.