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Concept and Meaning of SterilizationSterilization is the action and the effect of sterilization. This word refers to the Act destroy pathogenic organisms or make them sterile and infertile something that was not previously.
Examples: "Please take care of the sterilization of these instruments", "infection is caused by a failure in the sterilization of medical equipment used in surgery", "sterilization of stray dogs is necessary to minimize or even prevent uncontrolled reproduction.
You can use the concept of sterilization, therefore, to refer to the control of microbial growth to eliminate all forms of life, such as viruses and spores. Thus, sterilization is responsible for the destruction of microorganisms contained in an object, a substance or a place.
Microbiological sterilization can be developed by various physical and chemical methods. A common alternative is to put what we want autoclave at high temperature and causing the death of microorganisms. The tools that are used in hospitals, medical devices and food are some of the things that typically undergo sterilization.
For medicine and the veterinary, sterilization may also be the method that makes a living being to become sterile, which prevents its reproduction. It is generally irreversible and permanent contraception.
The sterilization of pets such as dogs and cats is a mechanism which is often considered beneficial for animals and humans because it prevents procreation and reduces the chances of abandonment.