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What is Hydrophobia | Psychology Concepts.

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Hydrophobia also referred to as aquafobia, is a psychological disorder characterized by excessive or irrational fear of water. This type of specific phobia leads individuals to avoid any hydrophobic ride on waterway (sea, River, Lake) as well as avoid washed in it in swimming pools, dams, waterfalls, lakes, rivers and seas, with fear of drowning. Even when the water does not pose a threat (such as showing a pool), feelings of panic, terror, anxiety, tachycardia, sweating, nausea, hyperventilation (rapid breathing and deep), tremors, occur in individuals which may including hydrophobic collapse. Some victims of Hydrophobia may still avoid getting into a simple hot tub or even prevent the showers (showers), in the most extreme cases.
The causes of Hydrophobia may be related to a traumatic event that the individual suffered in his life, as witness someone drowning, and therefore developed a fear of water. This fear can be further worsened when the person watching movies, read books or news of cases of drowning. Furthermore, it may be caused due to genetic factors, where the individual has a greater predisposition to develop this type of disorder.
This fear prevents them from doing enjoyable activities with hydrophobic family as do travel by coastal to enjoy the beaches, go to clubs, picnicking near a Lake, anyway, they do not feel happy to see any situation in which water is involved, no matter how much you say that there's no danger. So it is very important to the treatment of disease.
The Hydrophobia can be treated through psychotherapy which uses psychological means to end the patient's phobia. The technique of gradual desensitization is an option often used by psychiatrists that exposes patients to the object of his phobia (water) gradually until they feel more confident about your fears and possibly reach the cure. This technique can begin with the display of photographs or drawings of water, shown slowly until they reach a stage where it is possible to visit a pool or beach. Furthermore, hipnoterapias have been effective in the treatment, as well as the use of medicines in the most extreme cases, to control anxiety.

Bibliographical References:

http://www.aquabrasil.info/medo_h2o.shtml
http://www.hidrocenteracademia.com.br/web/news_detalhes.php?id_noticia=167
http://revistavivasaude.uol.com.br/saude-nutricao/78/imprime153382.asp
http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hidrofobia
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