What is Hypnosis | Psychology Concepts.

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The hypnosis occurs when the consciousness enters in an altered state, unlike the common forms of wakefulness and sleep. The person in this situation becomes highly suggestible-by autosuggestion or by interference from another being. This word comes from the Greek Hypnos, meaning sleep, added to Latin osis, denoting action or process, thus indicating a induced sleep, design created by the English physician and researcher James Braid; later it was found that this idea was a mistake, but the name was already consolidated, both in the scientific field, as in the popular sphere.
Therefore, hypnosis is not to be confused with any kind of sleep, because these modes of consciousness are quite unmistakable, which can currently be verified through Electroencephalographic equipment. Occur at various times hypnotic trances natural, when we do something automatically, without taking account of our actions, as, for example, to be involved with a fascinating book, to watch a movie interesting or even when driving the car with the mind apart.
Historically, hypnosis has proved the most varied forms. This state of consciousness is far from being fully unveiled, because every time the scholars discover new facets of this intriguing aspect of consciousness. She is at once part of everyday life for all of us, an ancestral heritage of ancient Western and Eastern civilizations, and also a technique used since the beginning by medicine, especially in pain treatments. In Mesopotamia, priests if worth of hypnosis to make the diagnosis of a disease and also to treat her; so did also in Egypt, in ancient Greece and early Christianity in Rome.
Its scientific use started in the 18th century, with the doctor Franz Anton Mesmer, who believed in the existence of an animal magnetism able to cure diseases, and later discovered that the man himself is the source of this balm curator. His technique was known as sleep mesmerist. The music, dance and words were used, as in a ritual to achieve that trance. Modern hypnosis was born through the hands of American psychiatrist Milton h. Erickson, widely known during World War II, when he used his classic form. He appeared with modern methods for achieving the unconscious and hypnosis is no longer used only to relieve symptoms. He was the big name in the studies of this technique, as well as Freud was for psychoanalysis. In fact, this great psychoanalyst used widely hypnosis at the beginning of their research.
Hypnosis has been used not only for organic cures, but primarily to uncover and heal trauma rooted in the unconscious by means of regressions in time and in space, during which the patient really believe to be, for example, in a given moment of your childhood and remember event until then gradually repressed in a corner of your mind. This is because the person in a trance is not unconscious, she realizes what goes around, and can report it normally to the professional who guides. Contrary to popular belief and fear, it is not possible the individual under hypnosis reveal secrets or perform actions against their will, because there is a trust relationship between the sensation and the patient – known as rapport – which, if broken, immediately interrupts the trance state, on the initiative of the own hypnotized.
It can also be used effectively in functional illnesses, i.e. that do not imply injury or structural compromises of human organs, such as migraines and other headaches, some dizziness and dizziness Chronicles; gastritis, dyspepsias, certain chronic diarrhea; Allergic rhinitis, bronchial asmas, snoring, sleep apnea; urinary incontinence, dysmenorrhea, premenstrual syndrome; psychological impotence; frigidity, premature ejaculation, decreased libido; skin rashes and other allergies, skin diseases, emotional background; hypertension and certain cardiac arrhythmias. Many immune system diseases, emotional background, can also achieve a cure with the aid of hypnosis.
Psicológias illnesses, such as anxiety, panic, phobias, depression and others, can also be treated with this technique, psychotherapeutic treatments complementing and increasing the effect of these therapies, which often reveal their long-term results. She can mitigate the suffering of the patient, helping rescue the serenity and balance. Hypnosis is also used in curing habits and addictions, in the treatment of eating disorders, as an analgesic in acute or chronic pain, to numb the patient in surgical procedures and even in the assistance to athletes who are preparing for competitions or stressful workouts. We have reports of the use of hypnosis in obstetrics, in relaxation in cases of stress, in aid to learning, in episodes of insomnia and in the most varied spheres of human life.

Sources:

http://www.portaldelphos.com.br/DocHipnose/vitrinepbfaceshipnose.htm
http://www.widders.com/hipnose/
http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hipnose
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