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Who is Gabriel García Márquez | Complete biography.

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Biography of Gabriel García Márquez

In the last decade of the 19th century, Rubén Dario gave Latin American literary independence to inaugurate the first current indigenous Poetics, modernism. Mid-20th century, it corresponded to the Colombian Gabriel García Márquez place Spanish-American narrative in the first line of the world literature with the publication of one hundred years of solitude (1967). Masterpiece of the so-called magic realism, the mythical Foundation of Macondo by the Buendia and the evolution of the village and of the lineage of the founders to extinction is the core of a story beautifully magical and poetic, his sprawling fantasy both captivating style of its author, gifted as few of a prodigious "gift of count".


Gabriel García Márquez
The world of Macondo, parabola and reflection of the tortuous history of Hispanic America, had been previously outlined in a series of novels and collections of short stories; After one hundred years of solitude, new masterpieces marked his career, recognized with the award of the Nobel Prize for literature in 1982: just remember titles such as the autumn of the Patriarch (1975), Chronicle of a death foretold (1981) or love in the time of cholera (1985). As maximum representative of the Boom of Latin-American literature of the 1960s, Garcia Marquez contributed decisively to the well-deserved projection that finally reached the narrative of the continent: the publishing phenomenon of the Boom was, in fact, the international discovery of numerous novelists of the highest quality barely known outside their respective countries.

The mythical childhood

Gabriel García Márquez was born on March 6, 1927 in Aracataca (Magdalena). He grew up as a child only between her maternal grandparents and her aunts, as their parents, the Telegraph operator Gabriel Eligio García and Luisa Santiaga Márquez, went live, when the small Gabriel had only five years, the population of Sucre, in which don Gabriel Eligio opened a pharmacy and Luisa Santiaga would bear most of the eleven children of the marriage.
Garcia Marquez's grandparents were well particular characters and marked the literary journey of the future Nobel: Colonel Nicolás Márquez, veteran of the war of the thousand days (1899-1902), Gabriel told many stories of his youth and the civil wars of the 19th century, took him to the circus and cinema, and was her umbilical cord with history and reality. Doña Tranquillina Iguarán, his grandmother cegatona, spent days telling Fables and legends family, while organizing the life of the members of the House according to the messages received in a dream: she was the source of the magical, superstitious and supernatural view of reality. Between her aunts, the most marked it was Francisca, who wove his own shroud to end his life.
Gabriel García Márquez learned to write at age five in Aracataca Montessori school, with the young and beautiful teacher Rosa Elena Fergusson, who fell in love: was the first woman who disturbed him. Whenever approached you gave you want to kiss her, and only by seeing it he was happy in school. Rosa Elena instilled in him the punctuality and the habit of typing directly into the pages, without a draft.

Garcia Marquez (Center) with part of his brothers (Aracataca, 1935)
In this school remained until 1936, when the grandfather died and had to go live with her parents in Savannah and river port of Sucre. There he went to the Colegio San Jose in Barranquilla, where at the age of ten years already wrote humorous verses. In 1940, thanks to a scholarship, he entered in the boarding school of the national Lyceum of Zipaquira, a really traumatic experience: the cold of the boarding school of the city of salt put it melancholy and sad. Always stuffed into a huge sack of wool, never pulled his hands out of his sleeves, as you had panic cold.
During the six courses in the Lyceum of Zipaquira, had to travel at least twice a year, Steamboat, the Magdalena river, the main river artery of the country; This experience, perhaps the latest remarkable, and above all that amazed early childhood in Aracataca up to nine years, with the unstoppable flood of stories and heard legends of her grandparents and her aunts, configured the mythical substrate that García Márquez break for the composition of one hundred years of solitude and the greater part of his works.
In Zipaquirá was Professor of literature, between 1944 and 1946, by Carlos Julio Calderón Hermida, who in 1955, when he published the litter, gave the following dedication: "to my Professor Carlos Julio Calderón Hermida, who got into his head that shit that I wrote". Eight months before the delivery of the Nobel Prize, in the column that he published in fifteen newspapers around the world, Garcia Marquez said that Calderon Hermida was "the ideal teacher of literature".
In the years of student in Zipaquira, Gabriel García Márquez was devoted to paint cats, donkeys and roses, and make cartoons of the rector and other classmates. In 1945 he wrote a few sonnets and eight poems inspired by a girlfriend who had: are one of the few attempts by verse writer. In 1946, he finished his secondary studies with great ratings.

Law student

In 1947, pressured by his parents, he moved to Bogotá to study law at the National University, where he was Professor Alfonso López Michelsen and befriended Camilo Torres Restrepo. The capital of the country for Garcia Marquez was the city in the world (and met almost all of them) that most impressed, as it was a gray, cold, city where everyone wore clothes very sheltered and black. As in Zipaquira, Garcia Marquez came to feel like a stranger in a country other than their own: Bogotá was then "a colonial city, (...) "people introverted and quiet, the opposite to the Caribbean, where people felt the presence of other phenomenal beings although they weren't there".
Studies of laws were not properly his passion, but he managed to consolidate his vocation of writer. On September 13, 1947 he published his first story, the third resignation, in the number 80 of the supplement weekend in the newspaper El Espectador, directed by Eduardo Zalamea Borda. ZALAMEA, who signed his columns with the pseudonym of Ulysses, wrote in the presentation of the story that Garcia Marquez was the new genius of the Colombian literature; the illustrations in the text were in charge of Hernán Merino. A few weeks appeared a second tale: Eva is inside a cat.
On April 9, 1948 was killed the leader of the opposition, Jorge Eliecer Gaitán; violent disorders that same day struck the capital (in a revolt known as the "Bogotazo" day) were the cause of the National University to close its doors indefinitely. García Márquez lost many books and manuscripts in the fire of the Inn where he lived and was forced to ask for transfer to the University of Cartagena, where remained an irregular student. He never graduated, but he began one of his main journalistic activities: that of columnist. Manuel Zapata Olivella got him a daily column in the newly founded newspaper El Universal.

The Barranquilla group

Early 1940s began to take shape in Barranquilla a sort of Association of friends of literature called the Barranquilla group; its guiding head was don Ramón Vinyes. The catalan "wise", owner of a bookstore that sold the best of Spanish, Italian, French and English, literature was oriented to the group in the readings, authors analyzed, dismantling works and returned them to assemble, allowing you to discover the tricks that novelists were served. Another head was José Félix Fuenmayor, who proposed the topics and taught young writers in the making (Álvaro Cepeda Samudio, Alfonso Fuenmayor and Germán Vargas,) among others the way of not falling into the folk.
Gabriel García Márquez joined this group. At the beginning it was traveling from Cartagena to Barranquilla whenever he could. Then, thanks to a pneumonia that forced him to retreat in Sucre, changed his work on El Universal by a daily column in El Heraldo in Barranquilla, which appeared from January 1950 under the heading of "Giraffe" and signed by "Septimus".
Cepeda Samudio, Vargas and Fuenmayor also worked in the Barranquilla newspaper. Garcia Marquez wrote, read and discussed every day with three editors; the inseparable Quartet met daily in the library of the "catalan wise" or was going to cafes to drink beer and rum until the wee hours. They disputed screaming wounded about literature, or their own works, read by the four. Did the dissection of the works of Defoe, Dos Passos, Camus, Virginia Woolf and William Faulkner, writer this last great influence in American fiction Latin and especially in Garcia Marquez; in the famous speech "solitude of Latin America", who spoke on the occasion of the award of the prize Nobel in 1982, the Colombian said that William Faulkner had been his teacher. However, Garcia Marquez has never been a critic, or a literary theorist, activities which, moreover, were not his favorite: always preferred to tell stories.

García Márquez and Álvaro Cepeda Samudio
At the time of the Barranquilla group, García Márquez read the big Russian, English and American writers, and perfected his direct style of journalist, but also, in the company of his three inseparable friends, analyzed carefully the new American journalism. The life of those years was full of debauchery and madness. They were the times of La Cueva, a bar that belonged to the dentist Eduardo Vila Fuenmayor and became the mythological site where members of the Barranquilla Group gathered to do crazy things: everything was possible there, up to trompadas among themselves.
It was also the time in which he lived on pensions of seedy, like the skyscrapers, a four-story building located in the street of the crime which also housed a brothel. Many times he had no weight with fifty to spend the night; then gave the Manager his diatribes (drafts of leaf litter) and told him: "stay with these diatribes, which are worth more than my life. In the morning I bring you silver and you will give back them to me."
The members of the Barranquilla group founded a newspaper very fleeting life, Chronicle, which, according to them, served to give free rein to their intellectual concerns. The director was Alfonso Fuenmayor, editor-in-Chief Gabriel García Márquez, Alejandro Obregón Illustrator, and his collaborators were, among others, Julio Mario Santo Domingo, Meira del Mar, Benjamín Sarta, Juan B. Fernandez and Gonzalo González.

Journalism and literature

At the beginning of 1950, when it had already very early his first novel, then titled the House, he accompanied Doña Luisa Santiaga to the small, hot and dusty Aracataca, in order to sell the old house where he had been raised. He then realized that he was writing a false novel, as his people was not even a shadow of what they had known in his childhood; to the work in progress he changed the title by leaf litter, and the village already was not Aracataca Macondo, in honor of the great trees of the family bombaceas, common in the region and resembling the Ceiba trees, reaching a height of between thirty and forty meters.

In the drafting of Prensa Latina (Bogotá, 1959)
García Márquez joined the drafting of El Espectador, where initially became the first Colombian journalism film columnist, and then in brilliant chronicler and reporter in February 1954. The following year he appeared in Bogota the first issue of the magazine of myth, under the direction of Jorge Gaitán Durán.
The publication lasted only seven years, but they were enough for the profound influence that exercised in the Colombian cultural life, to consider that myth indicates the time of the emergence of modernity in the history of the country, because he played a definitive role in society and in the Colombian culture: initially stood in the contemporary world and the critical culture. Gabriel García Márquez published three papers in the journal: a chapter in the leaf litter, Isabel monologue seeing rain in Macondo (1955) and the short novel the Colonel does not who write (1958). In fact, the writer has always considered that myth was momentous; on one occasion told Pedro Gómez Valderrama: "Myth started things".
In the year of 1955, García Márquez won the first prize in the competition of the Association of writers and artists; the leaves and an extensive report published serials, story of a castaway, which was censored by the regime of general Gustavo Rojas Pinilla. The direction of El Espectador decided that Gabriel García Márquez out of the country heading to Geneva to cover the Conference from the big four, and then to Rome, where apparently the Pope Pius XII was dying. In the Italian capital attended by a few weeks, the Centro Sperimentale di Cinema.

Around the world

Three years was absent from Colombia. He lived a long time in Paris, and toured Poland and Hungary, the German Democratic Republic, Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union. He continued as a correspondent for El Espectador, although in precarious conditions, because even though he wrote two novels, the Colonel has no who write him and the evil hour, pues si bien escribio dos novelas, el_coronel_no_tiene_quien_le_escriba y la_mala_hora, vivia he lived poor to die, waiting for the monthly rotation that the viewer should send him but which was delayed due to the difficulties of the daily regime of Rojas Pinilla. This situation is reflected in the Colonel, which tells the hopelessness of an old officer of the war of the thousand days awaiting the letter that had to announce the retirement pension to which he is entitled. When the viewer was closed by the dictatorship, he was a correspondent of the independent, and also collaborated with the Venezuelan magazine Elite and the colombianisima cards.
Stay in Europe enabled García Márquez to see Latin America from a different perspective. Pointed out you the differences between the various Latin American countries, and took besides much material to write stories about latinos living in the city of light. He learned to distrust of French intellectuals, his abstractions and schematic mental games, and realized that Europe was an old continent, in decline, while America, and especially in Latin America, was the new, renovation, living things.
At the end of 1957 was linked to the magazine time and traveled to Venezuela, where it could be witness of the last moments of the dictatorship of general Marcos Pérez Jiménez. In March 1958 he married in Barranquilla with Mercedes Barcha, union which would be born two children: Rodrigo (1959), baptized in the Palermo clinic in Bogotá by Camilo Torres Restrepo, and Gonzalo (1962). Shortly after their marriage, back to Venezuela, had to leave his position in time and take a grueling job in graphic Venezuela, while occasionally collaborate on Elite.

With Mercedes Barcha and children
Despite having little time to write, one day after Saturday story was awarded. In 1959 he was appointed director of the newly created Cuban News Agency Prensa Latina. In 1960 he lived six months in Cuba and the following year he was transferred to New York, but had major problems with the Cuban exiles, and finally resigned. After touring the South of United States he went to live in Mexico. Needless to say that, after that stay in the United States, the U.S. Government denied entry visa, because, according to the authorities, Garcia Marquez was affiliated to the Communist Party. Only in 1971, when Columbia University awarded him the title of doctor honoris causa,the author would receive a visa, although conditional.
Newcomer to Mexico, where Garcia Marquez would reside many years of his life, he devoted himself to writing film scripts, and for two years (1961-1963) worked at the journals La Familia and events, of which he was director. Their attempts to film the most successful was the Golden Cockerel (1963), based on the homonymous short story written by Juan Rulfo, which Garcia Marquez with the also writer Carlos Fuentes. The previous year he had obtained the Novela Colombiana Esso prize with the evil hour (1962).

The consecration

A day of 1966 that drove from the city of Mexico to the resort of Acapulco, Gabriel García Márquez was the sudden vision of the novel which had been ruminating for seventeen years. He considered that she already had her mature, sat down at the typewriter and worked eight and more hours per day during eighteen months in a row, while his wife dealt with the support of the House.
In 1967 appeared Cien Años de soledad, the novel whose universe is a series of fantasy stories perfectly basted in a cyclic and mythic time: pests, floods, insomnia, excessive fertility, levitations... A great metaphor in which, is at the same time that tells the story of the generations of the Buendia in the magical world of Macondo, since the founding of the village up to the complete extinction of the strain, reflected in hyperbolic and intractable way Colombian history from the time of independence until the thirties of the twentieth century.
One hundred years of solitude was the judgement of the Great Chilean poet Pablo Neruda: "Is the best novel that has been written in Castilian after Don Quixote". As qualified concept everything been said: the novel not only is the magnum opus of García Márquez, they constituted a milestone in the history of literature of Latin America to be designated as one of the best narrative achievements of all time. Success among the audience accompanied this assessment: figure among the books that have more translations (at least forty languages) and that achieved higher sales, achieving a true bestseller world figures.

Gabo in times of a hundred years (Barcelona, 1969)
The success of one hundred years of solitude was Garcia Marquez in the first line of the Boom in Latin American literature and supposed anointment definitive for this publishing phenomenon that, since the beginning of the 1960s, was making known to the world the work of new and not so new narrators of the continent: the Argentine Jorge Luis Borges and Julio Cortázar the Peruvian Mario Vargas Llosa and Mexican Juan Rulfo and Carlos Fuentes, among other figures. After the unanimous applause of the audience and critics, Garcia Marquez was established in Barcelona and spent seasons in Mexico, Bogotá, Cartagena and Havana.
During the following decades, he would write five more novels and they would be published three volumes of short stories and two stories, as well as important collections of his journalistic and narrative production. Of the 15 years that intervened up to the award of the Nobel Prize include collection of stories the incredible and sad history of Candida Erendira and her heartless grandmother (1973), the novel "dictator" the autumn of the Patriarch (1975), recurring theme in the American tradition, and a new prodigy of constructive and narrative perfection based on an incident away from the magical realism and real : the Chronicle of a death foretold (1981), considered by many his second masterpiece.
Several elements make this journey: be professionalized as writer only after nearly twenty-three years and literary, resumed his collaborations in El Espectador. In 1985 he changed typewriter by the computer. His wife Mercedes Barcha always placed a bouquet of yellow roses on her desk, flores García Márquez considered good luck. A watchful self-portrait of Alejandro Obregón, that the painter gave him, presided over his Studio; on a night of crazy, artist it had crossed with five shots of caliber 38 to settle a dispute among his sons over who would inherit it. Finally, two journalistic peers, Álvaro Cepeda Samudio and Germán Vargas Cantillo, died, fulfilling certain forecast written in one hundred years of solitude.

Nobel Prize for literature

In the morning of October 21, 1982, García Márquez received news that was already time waiting for these dates: the Swedish Academy had granted the coveted prize Nobel of literature. He was then exiled in Mexico, since the 26 March 1981 he had been forced to leave Colombia to evade capture; the Colombian army wanted to stop it by a supposed link with the M-19 movement and because five years had maintained the alternative magazine, Socialist Court.
The award of the Nobel was all a cultural event in Colombia and Latin America. The writer Juan Rulfo said: "For the first time after many years a fair Prize for literature is given". The Nobel prize-giving ceremony was held in Stockholm on 8, 9 and 10 December. as it was later learned, he played the award with the British novelist Graham Greene and the German Günter Grass.

In the delivery of the Nobel Prize (1982)
Two acts confirmed the profound Latin American feeling of Garcia Marquez. To the award he was dressed in a classic, flawless liquilique of white linen, for being the suit that his grandfather used used by the colonels of the civil wars, and which remained label in the continental Caribbean. And with the speech "solitude of Latin America" (read on Wednesday, December 8, 1982 to the Swedish Academy in full and four hundred guests and simultaneously translated into eight languages), he tried to break the molds or phrases worn with that traditionally Europe referred to Latin America, and denounced the lack of attention of the superpowers to the continent.
Brand new Nobel gave to understand how Europeans have erred in its position on the Americas, just staying with the burden of wonder and magic that has always been associated with this part of the world, and suggested to change that view through the creation of a new and great utopia, the life, which is at the same time the response from Latin America to its own path of death. The speech is a literary piece of high style and Americanist content hondo, a beautiful manifestation of his nationalist personality, of his faith in the destinations of the continent and its peoples. It also confirmed its commitment to Latin America, always convinced that underdevelopment affects all elements of Latin American life; the writers of this part of the world must, therefore, be committed to total social reality.
On the occasion of the presentation of the Nobel Prize, the Colombian Government, chaired by Belisario Betancur, programmed a colorful folkloric presentation in Stockholm. He presented also an issue of stamps with the image of Garcia Marquez, drawn by the painter Juan Antonio Roda, with Dickens Castro design and text of Guillermo Angulo, concerning which the Colombian writer said: "the dream of my life is that this stamp will only carry love letters".

Last years

Since news of the obtaining of the award became known, the siege of journalists and mass media was permanent and commitments multiplied. Finally, in March 1983, Gabo returned to Colombia. In Cartagena his mother, Doña Luisa Santiaga Márquez de García, was waiting for him at his home in the Callejón de Santa Clara, in the traditional neighborhood of Manga, with a hearty three meat stew (saltwater, chicken and pork) and abundant dulce de guayaba.

Gabriel García Márquez
After the Nobel, García Márquez has ratified as a guiding figure of national, Latin American culture and world. Their concepts on various subjects exerted strong influence. During the Government of César Gaviria Trujillo (1990-1994), along with other scholars such as Manuel Elkin Patarroyo, Rodolfo Llinás and historian Marco Palacios, it formed part of the Committee responsible for designing a national strategy for science, research and culture. But perhaps a more courageous attitude was the permanent support to the Cuban revolution and Fidel Castro, the defense of the Socialist regime imposed on the island and its rejection of the American blockade, which served to make other countries support in some way to Cuba and avoided major interventions by Americans.
In the literary field, just three years after the Nobel Prize he published another of his best novels, love in the time of cholera (1985), very extensive and extraordinary love story that had an initial print run of 750,000 copies. They should also highlight the historical novel the general in his Labyrinth (1989), about the Liberator Simón Bolívar, and the short stories collected in strange pilgrims (1992). After some years of silence, in 2002, Garcia Marquez presented the first part of his memoirs, living to tell the tale, in which he reviewed the first thirty years of his life. The publication of this work was a great publishing event, with the simultaneous launch of the first edition (a million copies) in Spanish-speaking countries.
In 2004 came to light which would be his last novel, memoirs of my melancholy whores; in 2007 received senses and multitudinous tributes for triple reason: 80 years old, the 40th anniversary of the publication of one hundred years of solitude and the twenty fifth of the award of the Nobel Prize. He died on April 17, 2014 in the city of Mexico, after a relapse in the lymphatic cancer that had already been treated in 1999.

Chronology of Gabriel García Márquez


1927On March 6, born Gabriel García Márquez in Aracataca (Magdalena, Colombia).
1947He starts the race of right in Bogota. He published his first story.
1948The "Bogotazo" causes the closing of the University; García Márquez requests transfer to the University of Cartagena, but equally will not end the studies. He began his journalistic activity.
1950He joined the newspaper El Heraldo de Barranquilla and actively participates in the literary gatherings of the so-called Group of Barranquilla. Travel to Aracataca with his mother in order to sell the House, and feel that its real interest is to write about the world of his childhood.
1954He joined the editor of the newspaper the spectator.
1955He published his first novel, leaf litter, which had begun to write in 1950. The publication of the story of a castaway serials in the spectator is censored by the regime of Rojas Pinilla and García Márquez part into exile.
1958Myth published in magazine the Colonel does not who write, book which ended in January, 1957 in Paris. In Barranquilla he married Mercedes Barcha.
1962Published the novel the bad time and collection of short stories the Big Mama's funeral.
1966He starts writing one hundred years of solitude.
1967He published the novel one hundred years of solitude in Buenos Aires.
1970It publishes book story of a castaway.
1973Publishes the collection of tales the incredible and sad history of Candida Erendira and her heartless grandmother.
1975He published the autumn of the Patriarch, novel he wrote for eight years and for which read over ten years on the history of Latin America and their dictators.
1981Chronicle of a death foretold, novel inspired by an actual event that took place during his youth, he published.
1982The Swedish Academy awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. They are coastal texts volumes between copsand journalistic compilations.
1985He published love in the time of cholera, with an initial Edition of 750,000 copies.
1986It publishes the adventure of Miguel Littín clandestine in Chile.
1989Published the historical novel the general in his Labyrinth, on the figure of the Liberator Simón Bolívar.
1992Strange pilgrims, collection of short stories published.
1994He published the theatrical monologue diatribe of love against a sitting man.
1996It publishes news of a kidnapping.
2002It publishes live to tell the tale, first part of his memoirs.
2004He published the short novel memoirs of my melancholy whores.
2014He died on April 17 in the city of Mexico.

Works of Gabriel García Márquez


The novelistic works of Gabriel García Márquez, who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1982, stands out for its innovative character and his Special imaginative fantasy. Regarded as the leading exponent of so-called magic realism, which would have in Cien Años de soledad (1967), his masterpiece, the Colombian writer is the author of an extensive production of excellent quality that has become one of the most outstanding figures of world fiction. Garcia Marquez is also a paradigmatic figure of literature hispanomericana of the 1960s Boom, more editorial than literary phenomenon in some aspects and which deservedly catapulted to fame to a large group of narrators of excellent quality, which until then were barely known beyond its national scope.

Gabriel García Márquez
His first works, despite its intrinsic quality, have been often used as a preparation to one hundred years of solitude: appears in them the mythical world and some of the characters of Macondo and, in some cases, the magical and supernatural element. In the leaf litter (1955) we find the story of three witnesses over the body of a suicide, through whose monologues are piecemeal reconstructs the history of a lone man confronting society. The Colonel does not who write, 1961, is a vigorous tale of loneliness and misery of a Colonel and his wife, whose son has been shot to death, in a Colombian cousins. Complete this stage tales of Big Mama's funeral, in 1962, and the evil hour (1962), work that involves a political symbol, the collective fear as the source of the violence.

One hundred years of solitude

Cien Años de soledad, the novel most read and admired Garcia Marquez, who has been described by Vargas Llosa as "Amadis de America" appeared in 1967. The work develops the saga of a family, the Buendia, who founded a city called Macondo in a region that the swamps and jungle make inaccessible to the rest of the world. It starts when José Arcadio Buendía and his cousin Úrsula Iguarán get married despite the taboo and give rise, in the city they founded in a lineage sentenced to one hundred years of passions, revolutions and loneliness, lineage which does incest and is extinguished at the end with a stem with pig tail.
At Macondo, relations with the outside world are outdated (some European innovations are introduced by some wandering Gypsies), but access it a banana company that adds, to natural disasters, exploitation and oppression. It is no doubt read the novel and its mythical Macondo as an allegory of the underdevelopment and isolation of Latin America; but it is mostly a work of prodigious imagination and humor, that breaks with a limited concept of realism to recover on oral sources of myth and legend his motives of inspiration. The novel is full of surprising and magical elements such as the ascent to heaven of remedies beauty, the finding of a Galleon to ten kilometers from the sea, rain of birds killed on the people. José Arcadio, for example, tries to shoot God and later dies tied to a tree raving in latin.
All the men of the Buendia family are resolutely alone, surrounded by other men or women who balance the excesses of the everyday world with its Fadeless (or their madness). The fate of all the inhabitants of Macondo is isolation. And the day that the first of the Aurelian (there is an Aureliano by generation: the repetition of names, as the events throughout its twenty not numbered chapters, contribute to the feeling that life is a circular phenomenon), give strict instructions that no one, including his wife, may approach him more than ten feet. "One hundred years of solitude are written tons of papers - said García Marquez, but nobody has touched the point that interested me more to write the book, which is the idea that loneliness is the opposite of solidarity and I think that it is the essence of the book."

New masterpieces

In 1970, the story of a castaway, a news story that had already been published in El Espectador (1955) serial was edited in book. The fantastic vein reappears in the seven short stories (all of them bright) collected in the volume the increíble y triste historia de la cándida Eréndira and her heartless grandmother (1972). The autumn of the Patriarch, 1975, another of his most celebrated novels, addresses the issue of the dictatorship, and deals with calamities and irremediable solitude of power embodied in an anonymous and mythical figure.
He subsequently published Chronicle of a death foretold (1981), based on an incident during the childhood of the writer (a death, already known at the beginning of the novel, to avenge a disgrace), and love in the time of cholera, 1986, history of love that takes place in a small port village in the Caribbean. Worth mentioning also the collection in four volumes of his journalistic work (1982) and politics (1986) the adventure of Miguel Littín .
After brand new 1988 in Buenos Aires the theatrical monologue diatribe of love against a sitting man, he published the general in his Labyrinth (1989), novel about the last voyage of Simón Bolívar from Bogota to Santa Marta, which sparked a lively debate among scholars Colombians and Venezuelans over historical fidelity of its content. The collection of short stories strange pilgrimsappeared in 1992. Two years later, saw the light novel of love and other demons, and in 1996 published news of a kidnapping, a tremendous. In the first part of his memoirs, titled live to tell the tale (2002), he recounted in fictionalized form its first thirty years of life. In the year 2004 was published what would be his last novel, memoirs of my melancholy whores, love story between an elderly journalist and a young prostitute.
Extracted from the website: Biografías y Vidas
Biographies of historical figures and personalities

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