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Biographies of historical figures and personalities

Biographies of famous people in history and celebrity


  • Biography of Calamity Jane
  • Biography of Gaston Doumergue
  • Biography of Luigi Carlo Farini
  • Biography of Giancarlo Giannini
  • Biography of Herman Melville
  • Biography of Leoluca Orlando
  • Biography of Yves Saint Laurent
  • Biography of Adriano Sofri

BIOGRAPHY OF CALAMITY JANE

May 1, 1852
August 1, 1903
Legendary old West character, adventurer and first female gunslinger, Calamity Jane, whose real name is Martha Jane Cannary-Burke, was born on 1 may 1852 in Princeton, daughter of Charlotte and Robert, the first of six children. In 1865, the Cannary family leaves Missouri to Montana, Virginia City: along the way, mother Charlotte died of pneumonia. Arrived in Virginia City, Robert & sons moving to Utah in Salt Lake City, where he died in 1867.
At that point, Martha Jane, only 15 years old, takes the reins of the family, and after taking his brothers and sisters in Fort Bridger, Wyoming, devotes many works to provide for their livelihood; becomes, then, a dishwasher, a Cook, a maid, a nurse in a herd leader, and sometimes does not give up prostitution.
In a context such as that of the West in which the woman may just be an educator and mother, devoid of life in society, Martha stands for rebellious behavior: addicted to alcohol and gambling (often depicted as dressed as a man, from an or jodhpurs), profligate adventuress, precisely because of its bad reputation is not in a position to conclude many jobs also, because often gets fired. When you find the wagon trains, for example, the herd leader and Chief caravaners don't see kindly to his amoral behaviour, blocking his use of alcohol.
Without formal education and instruction, totally illiterate, Martha does not give up to participate in the military clashes with the native Indians. It is during one of these conflicts, between 1872 and 1873, which-according to legend-you earn the nickname of Calamity Jane, in Wyoming in Goose Creek. In 1876, Martha settled in the Black Hills, South Dakota. Here becomes friends with Dora DuFran, for which he works occasionally, and, during one of the trips, caravans have a way to get in touch with Charlie Utter and especially James Butler Hickok, also known as Wild Bill Hickok.
Their relationship, however, is still a subject of controversy: there are those who argue that there was a strong passionate love, and who believes that Wild Bill had, for him, a vivid antipathy. He, however, died on 2 August 1876 (which at the time was married to Agnes Lake Thatcher), killed during a poker game.
Calamity Jane, after the disappearance of man, claims to have been married to him, and that he was the father of her daughter Jean, born three years earlier: there are, however, testimony and documents confirming the birth of the child.
In 1881 Calamity Jane buy a ranch in Montana, in Miles City, along the Yellowstone River; married with the Texan Clinton Burke, moved to Boulder, and in 1887 she gives birth a child, Jane. After working, among other things, to the "Wild West Show of Buffalo Bill as Narrator of stories, Martha takes part in the Pan-American Exposition in 1901.
Even in the last years of his life, without knowing an appreciable financial security and having to deal with poverty, to be generous and help others, up to compromise their safety. Dies, on August 1, 1903 in a room in the Calloway Hotel, just fifty years, depressed and alcoholic. His body was buried beside the corpse of Hickok in Deadwood, South Dakota, in Mount Moriah cemetery, in a mass grave.

BIOGRAPHY OF GASTON DOUMERGUE

"Gastounet"

August 1, 1863
June 18, 1937
Gaston Doumergue was born in Aigues Vives, in the French Department of the Gard, on 1 August 1863, by a Protestant Christian family. Completed legal studies working as a magistrate in colonial Indochina and Algeria before turning to journalism and, especially, to politics. Elected to the House in 1893 as radical-Socialist MEP, from 1902 to 1905 is Minister of colonies in Government Combes and yet, until 1910, trade and industry in a first stage, and then of public instruction and fine arts.
In 1910 he became Senator and in December 1913, he was entrusted with the Presidency of the Council until June 1914. In the years that followed is back at the helm of the dicasteries of the colonies and trade, in the Governments of Aristide Briand, René Viviani and Alexander Ribot. The latter, in March 1917, sends it in Russia because it will deter the Kerensky Government from defining, apart from France, peace agreements with Austria and Germany, but did not succeed.
In 1923 rises to the Presidency of the Senate, preparatory to the role fully charged state. In May 1924 the "sign of the lefts" gets an electoral victory, but internal divisions do not allow election as head of State of its candidate Paul Painlevé. This creates the conditions that lead to the identification, in place of Painlevé, Gaston Doumergue, on June 13, 1924 is elected President of the French Republic, the 12th, as well as the first Protestant confession. Remains in Office the entire seven years, until 1931.
Doumergue adopts for a policy of economic stringency, beginning with fire, grooms and postilions grooms assigned to the Presidency. In addressing the serious financial problems that lead to the fall of franco, he reveals the nature of his liberal economic concepts: first the national currency devalues the actual value and then gives a strong impetus to industrial growth, especially in the field of steel and cars. Shall also adopt measures in favour of workers, with the result that, while the United States live a dramatic moment with the stock market crash of 1929, France enjoys a decent social well-being and tranquility that will last until 1932-well beyond the expiration of his presidency-the year in which the repercussions of the "Black Friday" in New York will be felt heavily.
In foreign policy, a strong pulse imprints Doumergue to colonialism, especially with victory in Morocco in the Rif War.
After the Parisian uprisings of February 1934 is called again to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers in a Conservative Government of National Unity (in mature age Doumergue abandons positions approaching those of moderate Conservatives), a position which he reluctantly accepts and holds until November 8.
Gaston Doumergue, who for his personable and ways for its plump joviality is called "Gastounet", is the first Bachelor President, but also the first to marry being sent, although only twelve days before leaving office. The function is held in the Elysee Palace. His wife, Jeanne Marie Louise Gaussal, a wealthy widow and is, in fact, his long time lover.
After the last experience of Government withdraws in the birthplace of Aigues Vives where three years later, on 18 June 1937, shuts down at the age of seventy-four years. His wife Jeanne, fifteen years younger, will live up to the 1963 publication of novels under the pseudonym of "Gilles".

BIOGRAPHY OF LUIGI CARLO FARINI

The "ombra di Cavour"

October 22, 1812
August 1, 1866
Luigi Carlo Farini was born in Russi, in Ravenna, the Papal States, on 22 October 1812. Medical student in Bologna, where she received a degree, he devoted himself to his passion for politics is among the earliest members of the "Young Italy" by Mazzini.
Because of his subversive activities in 1843 is expelled from the Papal States and repairs in France. He returned to Italy in 1845, on the eve of the advent to the papacy of Pius IX, and publishes the famous "Manifesto", in which he denounces the lack of freedom in the domains of the Church and calling for the start of a season of reform. At the same time he met and became friends with Massimo d'Azeglio.
His hostility towards the Papal State is meanwhile to fall with the election of Pope Pius IX, Pope, that is, the first words spoken from the loggia of Saint Peter's square are: "great God, bless the Italy!". And the announcement of his political program.
In the first Liberal Government wanted by Pius IX in 1848, Luigi Carlo Farini is vested with the General Secretary of Home Affairs Minister and the first war of independence, goes to represent the Papal Government took the campo di Carlo Alberto. He was then elected Deputy and Minister Pellegrino Rossi, Pope, gives the general direction of health.
With the escape in Gaeta, bitter, resigned from his Government posts and sided in favor of the monarchy. He moved to Turin, in 1850 he published "the Roman State from 1815 to 1850", a historical dissertation heavily critical of the Democrats which is also translated into English by William Gladstone, one of the most eminent statesmen of the 19th century.
In 1851 Massimo d'Azeglio, become head of Government, called Faith as Minister of education. Subsequently Cavour approaches, which fully shares ideas and projects. His support for the Piedmontese statesman is such that the name "shadow of Cavour".
In 1859, after the Armistice, he was appointed dictator of "Emilia", a name which he assigns to that land which includes the duchies of Parma and Modena and the Papal Legations ex of Ferrara, Bologna, Ravenna and Forlì, beginning to work towards their annexation to Piedmont.
In 1860, in the post of Interior Minister, inaugurates, along with Prime Minister Cavour, the Kingdom of Italy. With the plebiscite in southern Italy and the subsequent annexation of the Kingdom of the two Sicilies (1860-1861), Farini was appointed Lieutenant General of the southern provinces.
In 1862, after the resignation of Rattazzi, becomes Prime Minister, but is an experience short because his health problems soon forced him to abandon.
Suffering from a serious mental illness, Luigi Carlo Farini dies in Fourth, on August 1, 1866, in 54 years.
Other works by Luigi Carlo Farini, "Italy's history from 1814 to the present days" and three volumes of "Correspondence".

BIOGRAPHY OF GIANCARLO GIANNINI

International class

August 1, 1942
Giancarlo Giannini was born in La Spezia on August 1, 1942. He graduated as an engineer in Naples, then studied acting in Rome at the Accademia Nazionale d'Arte Drammatica Silvio D'Amico. Theater debut at age 18 with "In memory of a lady friend", by Giuseppe Patroni Griffi. In 1960 also comes his first international success, thanks to "Romeo and Juliet" by Franco Zeffirelli, represented at the Old Vic in London.
In 1965 Giancarlo Giannini debuted at the cinema with "Libido and mud on the Metropolis" and on television, where his face becomes known to the general public due to its portrayal of the protagonist of "David Copperfield", shot by Director Anton Giulio Majano.
The following year (1966) works alongside Rita Pavone and for the first time with Lina Wertmuller, "Rita the mosquito", a title which will be followed by "don't tease the mosquito" (1967). With Lina Wertmuller was born a happy and lasting partnership that will lead to the realization of a number of quality jobs. Galvin Meanwhile by Ettore Scola is called "Dramma della gelosia-tutti i particolari in cronaca", 1970.
During the 70 's the consecration takes place: the most representative titles are "Mimì metallurgico ferito nell'onore (1972)," Film d'amore e d'anarchia meaning: stamattina alle 10, in via dei Fiori, nella nota casa di tolleranza "(1973, for which he won the best actor award at the Cannes Film Festival)," Travolti da un insolito destino nell'azzurro mare d'agosto "(1974)," seven beauties "(1975, for which he is nominated for an Oscar) "The end of the world in our usual bed in a night full of rain" (1978), "blood between two men for causing a widow-suspected political motives" (1978). With these films-by Lina Wertmuller-often paired with Mariangela Melato, Giancarlo Giannini's face becomes the icon of Italian male, rude and boorish, and conveyed by the effect stereotipante, goes around the world gaining international notoriety.
The considerable dramatic qualities Giannini have way of speaking even in "La prima notte di quiete" (1972, by Valerio Zurlinie) and "the innocent" (1976, by Luchino Visconti).
During his long and distinguished career Giannini plays in an extraordinary way and chameleon-like characters of all kinds of different Italian dialects, as well as in English. During the 80 's working internationally, chosen by directors such as Rainer Werner Fassbinder ("Lili Marleen", 1981) and Francis Ford Coppola ("life without Zoe", an episode of New York Stories, 1989).
In the years ' 90 ranges from action movies ("Palermo Milano solo andata, 1995"-"scorched earth", 1999) at the cinema so called lighter ("fried breaded" Castaneda 1996), to the civil commitment ("Giovanni Falcone", 1993).
After the 2000 appears more frequently in tv dramas like "General Dalla Chiesa" or "Il Maresciallo Rocca", but never fails to attend the big Hollywood productions like "Hannibal" (2001), "Man on Fire" (2004), "Casino Royale" (2006), "Agent 007-Quantum of Solace" (2008).
The stature of interpretative Giancarlo Giannini also excels in voice acting: the official voice is Al Pacino, but has also lent her voice to Jack Nicholson in "the Shining" (1980) and "Tim Burton's Batman (1989), in the role of the Joker.

BIOGRAPHY OF HERMAN MELVILLE

Metaphors of adventures

August 1, 1819
September 28, 1891
At the time when the author died, had been almost completely forgotten, then the masterpiece of 1851 "Moby Dick" was revived in 1921 with a biography of Raymond Weaver; Today, the novel is considered one of the greatest masterpieces of the 19th century. Its author is Herman Melville, writer, poet and literary critic, born on August 1, 1819 in New York. Friend of Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Moby Dick" as Melville's other works were inspired by the later production.
He studied in New York and the passion for adventure while listening to the stories of his father Allan, wealthy merchant from expansive character, which in the past had traveled a lot. In his father's stories were often featured figures such as huge waves and ships dashed as straw. After a life spent in substantial economic tranquillity, in the summer of 1830, the parent activity fails: Allan Melville later manifests a mental illness that led him to death. The brother tries to resume his father's Affairs, but fails: the family is composed of eight children between brothers and sisters (Herman is the third): poverty reduced and moved to the village of Lansingburgh, the Hudson River.
Here permanently leaves school Herman to start working in the company of an uncle; He then worked in his older brother's shop and then as a teacher in a small school.
The lack of a working stable perspective, coupled with the desire to travel, pushing the future writer to embark as a cabin boy on a ship docked at the port of New York, leaving for Liverpool. It's the June 1839: Melville crosses the ocean and arrives in London. Then return home with the same ship. This trip will inspire his novel "Redburn: his first trip" (Redburn: His First Voyage), published ten years later.
Returned home and resumed the teaching profession. At the beginning of the year 1841 enlisted as a sailor again: from the port of New Bedford (Massachusetts) on the whaling ship Acushnet, headed toward the Pacific Ocean. The trip will last a year and a half. Once reached the Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia), Melville deserted; the story of "T V" (Type) as its continuation "Omoo" will be witness to this incident.
After a stay in the Society Islands, Melville heads to Honolulu, where he remained for four months working as a clerk in an Office. Then joins the crew of the American frigate "United States", sailing towards Boston, with a stopover at a Peruvian port in October 1844. Will describe this experience with the ship as "Neversink" (the unsinkable) in "White Jacket or the world seen on a battleship" (White Jacket: or, The World in a man-of-war, 1850).
The August 4, 1847 in Boston, Herman Melville, Elizabeth Shaw bridal event that terminates at seafaring adventures of the writer. The couple settled in New York where he remained until 1850, when purchasing a farm in Pittsfield (Massachusetts); right in February of the same year he began to write "Moby Dick," the work that will project in the history of American and world literature.
During the thirteen years of Pittsfield, Melville lectures at schools, with mostly his adventures in the South seas.
His works fail to reach a wide audience, so Melville would not have gained much from his activity as a writer. Economically very had to wife's family; afterwards will also work as a customs officer in New York, where he moved with his wife.
After an illness lasting several months, Herman Melville died at his home in New York, in the early morning hours of September 28, 1891. His body is interred in the Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx.

BIOGRAPHY OF LEOLUCA ORLANDO

Sicilian Renaissance

August 1, 1947
Say her name means pronouncing the name of the city of Palermo: only with other sounds. During his term the Mayor Leoluca Orlando has tried to give credit and hope to the citizens of palermitani operating on the soil of concrete social fabric and territory, fighting lawlessness and degradation of some neighborhoods, working on the level of solidarity and focusing on modern concepts such as those of administrative efficiency and municipal machine operation.
Born on August 1, 1947 Orlando studied for some years in Germany and England. Cassazione and Professor of regional public law at the Law Faculty of the University of Palermo, is the author of numerous scientific papers and monographs.
But the field of activity where Leoluca Orlando has always stood out is of course politically. Legal Adviser of the President of the region Piersanti Mattarella, from 1978 to 1980 municipal councillor from 1980 to 1993, he was elected Mayor for the first time on July 16, 1985. During his tenure, opened in Sicilian city that was renamed "Palermo spring", to indicate a sense of profound renewal, but also institutional morality that has marked his work.
Following is the founder and national coordinator of the now disappeared "movement for democracy – the net", that party was distinguished for his role as "sponda" in Italian politics against corruption and malfeasance; elected Deputy in 1992 waived the parliamentary mandate following his re-election as Mayor of Palermo, in the administrative consultation of November 21, 1993, in the first round, with 293 thousand votes (75.2 per cent). That's the complaint period of downtown Orlando "Pamm", the interplay between the various actors of the underworld (the abbreviation is the acronym of the terms "business, politics, mafia and Freemasonry"), as well as massacres and criminal acts, might seriously affect the development of a social democratic process in Italy, and Sicily, and is also able to affect other regions in Italy and abroad.
After these tough battles on the field Leoluca Orlando in 1994 decided to tackle the European challenge. He was elected MEP 149,976 reporting preferences. In July 1994 the Strasbourg Parliament is called to be part of the Committee on Civil Liberties and internal affairs and the Committee on agriculture, fisheries and rural development. It has also been named regional President of ANCI, the Association that deals with common problems.
His heart it is understood has always fought in particular for the city of Palermo. In 1997 occurred again in defiance of popular consent for the umpteenth time. And people awarded: elections of grossed 207,448 preferences.
The following year he inaugurated the reopening of Teatro Massimo after twenty years of "restoration", a euphemism that was actually the eternal State of precariousness, and therefore also of inactivity, that's true heritage is represented by his historic theater.
On 18 December 2000 Orlando resigned to run for President of the region of Sicily. An appointment missed the beloved Mayor of Sicily, which, despite nearly one million votes, it failed to enter the region. It is also member of the Sicilian Regional Assembly for Sicily, the year 2010 will be the free trade area in the Mediterranean.
In 2006, together with Antonio Di Pietro, occurs with the party elections "Italy of values" by supporting the centre-left. Romano Prodi, the new President of the Council, appoints Minister for Leoluca Orlando Italians in the world.
Part of the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Leoluca Orlando has worked as a consultant on behalf of the OECD and in favour of Mediterranean countries. Married, father of two daughters.
In 2012 back to the post of Mayor of Palermo after the local elections in May.

BIOGRAPHY OF YVES SAINT LAURENT

The art of living

August 1, 1936
June 1, 2008
A name that has become a logo, the unmistakable sound of the three words that make up its name can only mean, in all languages, one thing: fashion. Well, Couture. Yes, because Yves Saint Laurent, as well as being one of the fathers of French fashion is also the man who made the Haute Couture on his trademark, a lifestyle that its boutique has spread worldwide, infecting thousands of people.
Born in Algeria on August 1, 1936 as all talent shows an early passion for art that would lead him to glory. The attraction for tissues and for cable tray is very strong in him, and so, instead of loitering or spend time to kick a ball (possibly also lordarsi clothes), impratichisce with fabrics, textiles and needles. Where? None other than the House of Dior, where, after graduating from the Ecole de la Chambre Syndicale de la Couture in Paris, replaces the master Christian Dior, died of a heart attack at a hotel in Montecatini. A great responsibility, whereas at the time Dior had already "Dior"; But Yves doesn't flinch.
She throws herself headlong into the work and thus his first collection, called "Keystone". But even in his wildest dreams rosei the young designer could hope it to be so successful, so much so that on the covers of newspapers specializing we speak of him as a child prodigy. Unfortunately something unexpected comes to stop the Idyll, to temporarily freeze the downhill road that seemed no more obstacles. His country of origin in fact calls him to perform military service: a very serious break its commitments which will mean the end of her relationship with the Dior House (la maison will replace him with Marc Bohan).
Fortunately Yves is not discouraged, decided to pursue her vocation. Back in Paris in 1962 and in the blink of an eye presents the first collection under his own name, characterized by the choice of very simple and stylized lines, without frills. All these remain impressed with the quality of workmanship of the clothes, a peculiarity that the French designer will always detail atternzione.
But there is another element which raises many controversies on the Saint Laurent collection: trousers for women. A stylistic choice that puts him at that time out of any scheme, making him a true revolutionary. Yves Saint Laurent is the woman, gives new dignity and new dimensions of freedom, the freedom that comes from being able to confidently choose what to wear. Without forgetting its beautiful suits, close to Chanel model.
Years to come there will be nothing but the final consecration. Work-obsessed and withdrawn (if not Misanthrope), this fashion genius has put in place an impressive array of innovative transactions, many of them inspired by its great culture.
In 1965, for example, turns vinyl fabric for raincoats rigorous cut, inspired by Mondrian. In 1966 creates clothes from air pop art. The collection for autumn winter 1971-72 has taffeta dresses that hark back to the works of Marcel Proust. The Ballets Russes were the inspiration for the 1976 collection, which the New York Times calls "revolutionary, destined to change the course of fashion." In 1979 draws referring to Picasso and Matisse in 1981, without forgetting the Arab world of origin, to which the French stylist has always looked, leaving deeply influence.
In 1966 finally gives birth to a line of ready-to-wear, and in 1972 to a line of cosmetics and perfumes, which are also kissed by great success.
In January 2002 the now elderly French stylist has announced in a press conference that moving would leave high fashion. The glorious Maison the Avenue Marceau, therefore, has closed its doors.
To justify this decision, Pierre Berge, his partner in life and work long, explained: "couture is over. It is not an art that hangs like a painting. But it's something that makes sense if accompanied by the art of living. Today, long jeans and nike, the art of living does not exist anymore ".
After a long illness he died in Paris on the night of June 1, 2008, at the age of 71 years.

BIOGRAPHY OF ADRIANO SOFRI

Its prisons

August 1, 1942
About Adriano Sofri means inevitably talk about what, in many quarters, and in a very authoritative, has been defined as a kind of "Dreyfus affair" Italian. And equate "Sofri Case" with that of the poor French officer means none other than qualify as scandalous shouting justice before the High Court of history.
Inevitable then retrace the steps that led to this veritable "wrongs" legal and institutional.
Adriano Sofri, born on August of 1942, in the 1970s was the greatest exponent of the extra-parliamentary leftist movement "Lotta Continua", but the genesis of his incarceration, however, date back to the episode of the famous murder Calabresi, generated on climate of the 1970s.
More precisely, the entire engine was the bomb that exploded on 12 December 1969 at the Banca Nazionale dell'Agricoltura in P.zza fountain, in the heart of Milan. Sixteen people died in the attack. Police, carabinieri and accused the Government of "anarchists". After various investigations, was summoned to the police station for an interview just a railroad man named Giuseppe Pinelli, an exponent of anarchism. Was the alleged culprit. Unfortunately, one night three days later, during one of several interviews in which he had been subjected, Pinelli died smashed in the courtyard of the police headquarters. From that moment, the tragic pantomime took place that sought to establish the causes and responsibility for the death. The Commissioner interpreted the gesture in front of the press, like suicide, caused by a sense of guilt of Papadopoulos and his feeling now on the ropes. The anarchists and the left instead, the Commissioner accused Calabresi of having "committed suicide" poor Pinelli.
Regarding the massacre later the police designated as guilty anarchist Pietro Valpreda dancer, then exonerated after a grueling process that lasted years (today it is known that a decisive role can be attributed to fascist groups).
In any event, returning to Pinelli, constant struggle unleashed a violent propaganda campaign against Calabresi. Sofri on his journal sought to compel the Commissioner to the lawsuit, only tool, according to the leader of Lotta Continua, to open an investigation into the death of an anarchist.
Calabresi sued actually fight continues and, in 1971, he began the long-awaited trial. Police and carabinieri were called to testify. But even as the trial drew to a close, the examining magistrate was taken off the case because Calabresi's lawyer claimed to have heard the judge declare to be convinced of the guilt of Mr.
In those circumstances, therefore, it was impossible to go forward and the process deflated on himself as an airless balloon.
The consequence was that on the morning of May 17, 1972, the Commissioner Calabresi was murdered on the street in Milan. Struggle continues immediately becomes suspect number one. In 1975 he was made a new trial that ended with the conviction of LC for defaming the Commissioner Calabresi. The ruling held that police officers had actually lied to endorse the thesis of Calabria, but Papadopoulos was dropped from the following an "illness", a term that the most vocal critics of the ruling have always claimed to be vague and not well defined.
The first arrest of Sofri and Pietrostefani, bowsprits (the other two leaders of Lotta Continua accused of having taken part in the murder), occurred in 1988, at the age of sixteen by facts, following confessions exposed to the public prosecutor's Office "regretted" Salvatore Marino, he too snug in the warm "the Organization fight continues. Marino claims to be the guy driving the car served for the attack. The perpetrator instead, according to Marino's reconstruction, without any direct or other contradictory testimony would Bowsprits. Pietrostefani and responsibilities of Sofri would instead of "morality" as being the charismatic leader of the movement and those who dictated orders, would have been the agents.
Sofri's interpretation as "authorized representative" is signed by those who, in these years, denied direct involvement of leaders (i.e. be conscious agent), but ascribe a moral responsibility as "bad teacher." A figure that, at least according to his personality, he would time astray consciences and influenced his followers with wrong theories.
Marino, therefore, declaring himself guilty and denounced his alleged accomplices after weeks of nightly meetings with the police, ever recorded.
After an endless series of debates and processes, which has always seen losing defensive line (which has the puzzling, given that the Supreme Court itself, in its highest expression i.e. the sections together, had felt completely unreliable claims Marino and had fully acquitted defendants), Adriano Sofri, Giorgio Pietrostefani and Ovidio Bompressi have delivered spontaneously to the Pisa prison. The Supreme Court has finally issued against them sentenced to 22 years in prison.
In the end, the protagonists of the story, guilty or innocent, who are serving their sentences in over thirty years after the fact.
We must also stress that the verdict, however, is based on the words of a single "repented". The vast movement of opinion that has been created for Sofri, then, argues that Marino's words are largely belied by the facts and without any feedback.
On the occasion of the publication of a book of Sofri "more hotels", and taking up the theme of a duty which should be duly granted Grace to Sofri (considering the time spent but also what Sofri has proven to be in these years, i.e. an intellectual of great thickness, not counting his direct involvement in Yugoslav war), but that Sofri itself is far from asking , Giuliano Ferrara wrote on Panorama words that we would like to bring back almost entirely: "[...] Still you can't pull out of jail one as well, one that does not move a finger for itself in the sense of the corny convenience, one that respects but prefers to fight in its own way the annihilation of his own existence rather than grant a centimeter of its sense of integrity, it is really painful. Painful in civil sense, and very frustrating.
It is obvious that the final criminal verdicts are not discussed anymore except in historical site. It is obvious that no one can claim to be free because it is as much a nice guy or because he has many friends in Italy and worldwide. It is obvious that this is not the only case of a justice that is made in unrighteousness, and should be completed by a constitutionally measure of grace. These are little pearls of tautologies case studies from moral or handicapped simple gossip. The problem is not of Adriano Sofri, who does not claim anything as this book demonstrates in an indirect way, but perfect. The prisoner you cut your nails, play football, reads, writes, watching tv, and the fact that most of the public alive imprisonment in perfect compliance with regulations prisons, his word has a space not intrusive and not overwhelming weight spread around him, for the mysterious ways of misunderstanding of human anguish of self and of envy, even an aura of privilege. The problem is ours, is the community of those who are out and don't know what to make of their power of grace, not of what's inside and did not even have time to think, write, communicate as you see one whose window looks out from five and a half years on a concrete wall.
That strange, morally ambiguous affair, that the failure to State clemency if Sofri. The State has the privilege of filling the right with grace, but do not exercise because the prisoner in the prison of Pisa has the strength to act as a free man, because the Vulgate wants a social citizen wounded by a conviction that proclaims unfair, but not abused debased nor humiliated, not usurping the outrageous privilege of a populous and productive solitude.
If the ground and power yield Sofri in whatever form, is industrierebbero in many of those who have the responsibility to decide for the best. If he's holding up without albagia, in the style of these great pages, also stylistically unique phenomenon in the history of the vast prison, all European literature remains stationary in mid-air, and no that is not a step back. What you don't ask for it has already given all the grace that can.
Those who should give it to him, grace, still do not know where to go to look for her. President Ciampi, Berlusconi, Minister of Justice: until when will you abuse your distraction? ".
Towards the end of November 2005 Adriano Sofri was hospitalized: would have been impressed by Mallory-Weiss Syndrome, which causes severe esophageal disorders. The occasion was granted the reprieve for health reasons. Since then remained under house arrest.
His sentence shall begin on January 16, 2012.
Bibliography:
Adriano Sofri, "Memory", Sellerio
Adriano Sofri, "future perfect", alternative press
Adriano Sofri, "prisons", Sellerio
Adriano Sofri, "More Hotels", Mondadori
Piergiorgio Bellocchio, "who loses is always wrong", "diary" # 9, February 1991
Michele Feo, "who's afraid of Adriano Sofri?", "the bridge" August-September 1992
Michele Feo, "From prisons" homelands "bridge" August-September 1993
Carlo Ginzburg, "judge and historian", Einaudi
Mattia felt, "the prisoner: a brief history of Adriano Sofri", Rizzoli.
Extracted from the website: Biografieonline.it under Creative Commons License.

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