Biography of Francisco of the Rosario Sanchez | Politician and Dominican independence leader.

(Santo Domingo, 1817 - San Juan de la Maguana, 1861) Politician and Dominican independence leader, considered one of the fathers of the fatherland. Member of "La Trinitaria", separatist secret society, in 1844 led an uprising against Haiti and on February 27 of that year proclaimed the independence of the Dominican Republic. Like other Trinidadians, was away from power and exiled once achieved independence. With the amnesty of 1848 he could return to the country, and over the next decade held several public positions. In 1861, he gave his life in the fight to prevent the annexation of the Republic to Spain.
Son of Narciso Sánchez and Olaya del Rosario, his mother received elementary education and learned the trade of "peinetero". Then he studied latin and philosophy with don Nicolás Lugo, studies that would continue with father Gaspar Hernández, a Peruvian priest emigrated to Santo Domingo and recognized antihaitiano. In this period he met Juan Pablo Duarte, who, along with other young people, attending the classes of the priest. In 1838, he joined La Trinitaria, and soon began to distinguish themselves by their hard work and determination.

Francisco de el Rosario Sánchez
Different historical background the independence of the Dominican Republic made an extremely complex process. The island of Santo Domingo (formerly called Hispaniola) was under Spanish rule from the time of Columbus. At the end of the 17TH century, however, the Spanish Crown ceded to France the Western half of the island, i.e. the current Haiti. Two centuries later, under the Treaty of Basel (1795), the island passed to the French, although for a short time. At the beginning of the 19th century, two decades of struggles and seizures would lead to the consolidation of the independence and the unification of the island: from 1822, President Jean Pierre Boyer ruled the island of Santo Domingo, which was renamed Haiti.
The purpose of the secret society La Trinitaria, founded in 1838, was the independence of the former Spanish part; Unlike, not from other colonies, had to face a European metropolis to get it, but the domination of a former colony that had achieved its independence: Haiti. Under the inspiration of its intellectual leader, Juan Pablo Duarte, members of La Trinitaria disseminated his ideas, which slowly calaron in Dominican society.
Meantime, high taxes by the Government had drastically reduced the popularity of the President Boyer, who was overthrown in 1843 by Charles Rivière-Hérard. The Trinitarians that transition saw an opportunity, but their attempts were immediately suppressed by Herard. The zeal and determination that Francisco de el Rosario Sánchez had shown in their work in La Trinitaria enabled him to lead the movement when Duarte had to go into exile due to the persecution unleashed against him by Haitians.

Meeting of La Trinitaria
The main reasons why is recognized in Francisco de el Rosario Sánchez as father of the nation lie mainly in its merits as a Trinitarian and having read the proclamation declaring the birth of the Dominican Republic. On 27 February 1844, Sanchez was in charge of reading the Declaration in the bastion of San Gennaro (today door of the count). Then presided over the provisional Government (the Central Board governance), to be displaced by Tomás Bobadilla.
With the arrival to the Presidency of the new Republic of the landowner conservative Pedro Santana (1844-1848), whose troops had accomplished in March rejecting a Haitian attack, the Trinitarians were away from the power, and Francisco de el Rosario Sánchez, as well as Juan Pablo Duarte and Ramón Matías Mella, there were splitting into exile. However, independence was consolidated, and under the chairmanship of Manuel Jimenes (1848-1849) was declared a broad amnesty that allowed Sanchez to return to the country and play important public offices.
Annexation to Spain
During the short life of the first Dominican Republic (1844-1861), Pedro Santana would agree to the Presidency on two other occasions. At the end of their last term (1858-1861), Santana decided to annex the Republic to Spain. It was a way to stop the ongoing threat of Haiti, who had tried repeatedly to invade the country, but also of staying in power, because he agreed to change the post of Governor of the Spanish province of Santo Domingo. This decision would spark the war of restoration (1863-1865), between advocates of annexation with separatists or restauradores (because his goal was to restore the first Republic).
In addition to father of the nation for his role in the proclamation of independence in 1844, Francisco de el Rosario Sánchez was a precursor of the restoration movement. In 1859, their differences with Santana had cost him prison and a new exile, from where Sanchez began to prepare for the fight against the more than predictable annexation to Spain, which was solemnly proclaimed in the Dominican capital on March 18, 1861. Manifestations of support the Government of Santana-driven attempt to hide a discontent that was made visible soon after, when, on 2 may, erupted in Moca a weapons uprising headed by José Contreras.
Firmly determined to restore the Republic, on June 1, 1861, three months and a half after consummate annexation to Spain, Francisco de el Rosario Sánchez entered Dominican territory in the company of José María Cabral and others. His attempt lasted little more than one month: victim of a betrayal, was captured in an ambush and shot in San Juan de la Maguana July 4 following, along with a score of comrades in arms.
Thus died at the hands of their fellow citizens an incorruptible fighter, whose lofty patriotic ideals endure over their written production. On January 20, 1861, when it was clear that Pedro Santana and yours would deliver the sovereignty of the country, Sanchez threw a proclamation stating: "But if Backbiting seek excuses to sully my conduct, require any Manager saying with a loud voice, though without boasting, that I am the Dominican flag". Earlier, the 16th of the same month, had bluntly justified their struggle in a letter to Damián Báez: "my home is sold. This is enough".
Extracted from the website: Biografías y Vidas
Biographies of historical figures and personalities

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