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Biography of Gabriel Garcia Marquez | Colombian novelist, Nobel Prize for literature in 1982 .

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(Aracataca, Colombia, 1927 - Mexico D.F., 2014) Colombian novelist, Nobel Prize for literature in 1982 and one of the great masters of the universal literature. Gabriel García Márquez was the key figure of the so-called Boom of Latin-American literature, publishing phenomenon that, in the Decade of 1960, gave world projection to the latest batches of narrators of the continent. In all of them was palpable the overcoming of realism and a renewal of the narrative techniques that connected with the European and American novel of interwar (Kafka, Joyce, Proust, Faulkner); García Márquez added to his prodigious imagination and his unsurpassed skills of Narrator, patents on the work that represents the culmination of magical realism: one hundred years of solitude (1967).

Gabriel García Márquez
The years of his early childhood in Aracataca would decisively mark his work as a writer; the fabulous wealth of the oral traditions transmitted by their grandparents nourished much of his work. Based at a young age in the capital of Colombia, Gabriel García Márquez studied law and journalism at the National University and began his first journalistic collaborations in El Espectador newspaper.
At the age of twenty-eight he published his first novel, leaf litter (1955), in which already pointed out some of the most characteristic features of his work of fiction. In this first book and some of the novels and stories that followed began to glimpse the village of Macondo and some characters that shape one hundred years of solitude, while the author was in some American creators, especially on William Faulkner, new forms of expression.
Committed to the leftist movements, Gabriel García Márquez closely followed the Cuban guerrilla uprising until his triumph in 1959. Friend of Fidel Castro, participated in the Foundation of the Cuban News Agency Prensa Latina for then. After many vicissitudes with different publishers, García Márquez was an Argentine Publishing House to publish him which is his masterpiece and one of the most important novels of the world literature of the 20th century, one hundred years of solitude (1967).

Gabo in the time of a hundred years (Barcelona, 1969)
Incubated for almost twenty years and drafted in eighteen months, Cien Años de soledad recreates the historical vicissitudes of Macondo, imaginary village founded by the first Buendia which is the transcript of his hometown and, at the same time, his country and the continent through the Buendia family saga. Perfect circular structure, the novel raises their own world, Mythic recreation of the real world of Latin America, in a way that has come to be called 'magical realism' by the constant encounter of the real motives and fantastic elements. Thus, in the story of the founding of the town, its growth, its exploitation by a US banana company, revolutions and counterrevolutions subsequent and final destruction of the village (which converges with the extinction of the lineage of its founders, condemned from the beginning to "one hundred years of solitude"), premonitory dreams are intertwined with all naturalness supernatural occurrences, insomnia, Biblical floods and pests all sorts of magical events, all narrated in a very rich, smooth and captivating prose that make reading endless a surprise and a pleasure.
After one season in Paris, Gabriel García Márquez settled in Barcelona in 1969, where he made friends with Spanish, as Carlos Barral, and South America, intellectuals like Mario Vargas Llosa. His stay there was crucial to the realization of what was known as the Boom in Latin American literature, which meant the international discovery of the young and not so young narrators of the continent: the Peruvian Mario Vargas Llosa, the Argentine Jorge Luis Borges and Julio Cortázar and the Mexican Juan Rulfo and Carlos Fuentes, among others. In 1972 he won the Rómulo Gallegos international novel Prize, and few years later returned to Latin America to reside alternately in Cartagena de Indias and in city of Mexico, mainly due to the political instability in his country.
Prior to Cien Años de soledad, García Márquez had outlined the world of Macondo in novels such as litter (1955) and the Colonel does not who write (1961), and collections of stories as Big Mama's funeral (1962). After a hundred years his narrative, stripped in more or less middle of fantastic elements, maintained a very high level; It is the case of novels as the autumn of the Patriarch (1975), that amazing skins the theme of the Latin American dictator; Chronicle of a death foretold (1981), story of a crime of honor based on real events that stands out for its constructive perfection and has been considered his second masterpiece; and love in the time of cholera (1985), extraordinary story of a love which, born in adolescence, not consummated until 53 years later, already in the age of the characters.
His literary prestige, that in 1982 earned him the Nobel Prize for literature, conferred authority to make itself heard on the Colombian political and social life. His activity as a journalist was collected in coastal texts (1981) and between cops (1983), abstracts of published articles in the written press, and news of a kidnapping, extensive written report published in 1996 which deals with the dramatic journey of nine journalists abducted by order of the drug trafficker Pablo Escobar. Story of a castaway, article about a real case published in novel form in 1968, It is a shining example of 'new realism' and showed its ability to change registration.
In cinema she participated in the drafting of numerous scripts, sometimes adaptations of his own works, and since 1985 shared, with the Argentine filmmaker Fernando Birri, the direction of the international school of the cinema of Havana. Among his later production include a historical novel in lathe Simón Bolívar, the general in his Labyrinth (1989); the collection of short stories strange pilgrims (1992); the volume of memoirs, living to tell the tale (2002), which covers the first thirty years of his life, and his last novel, memoirs of my melancholy whores (2004), about the love of a nonagenarian journalist by a young prostitute. He died in the city of Mexico in 2014, after a relapse in the lymphatic cancer that had been diagnosed in 1999.
Extracted from the website: Biografías y Vidas
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