Biography of Ramón Matías Mella | Dominican independence leader.

(Ramon Matias or Matías Ramón Mella; Santo_Domingo, 1816-1864) Dominican independence leader. In 1838, sixteen years after the island of Hispaniola was unified under the rule of Haiti, Mella participated along with other Patriots Dominicans (among which include Juan Pablo Duarte and Francisco de el Rosario Sánchez) in the Foundation of La Trinitaria, secret society of liberal and separatist ideology whose aim was the independence of the eastern half of the island (the present Dominican Republic).

Ramón Matías Mella
Together with Francisco de el Rosario Sánchez, Dent led the proclamation of independence in 1844 and was part of the provisional Government, but after victory in Azua, the conservative Pedro Santana took the Presidency and ordered the exile of the Trinitarians. With the amnesty of 1848 he returned to the country and held important military and civilian positions in the new Republic. Opposed to the annexation to Spain, accomplished in 1861 on the initiative of the President of Santana, he came to participate in the restoration war (1863-1865), but he died before seeing the Republic restored.
From the times of Cristóbal Colón, who arrived to her on their first trip, the ancient island of Hispaniola (today island of Santo Domingo) had been submitted to the Spanish domain. In 1697, with the signing of the peace of Ryswick, the Western half of the island (the current Haiti) passed to the French Crown. When, at the beginning of the 19th century, began the process that would lead to the emancipation of Hispanic America, more than two hundred years of Spanish and French colonialism (and other historical circumstances) had been printed a personality differential to the two parts of the island.
The independence of the Spanish was a long and tumultuous, process with advances and retreats; the popular uprisings, armed uprisings and the interventions of the ancient metropolis and the powers of the first enemy occurred. In 1822 the situation appeared stabilized: independence had been consolidated and the whole of the island was governed with heavy-handed by Haitian dictator Jean Pierre Boyer, for whom the country was one and indivisible.
Juan Pablo Duarte and the other members of La Trinitaria, imbued with the liberal and nationalist ideology that came from Europe, the old Spanish part of the island had its own identity and should become an independent State. From 1838 were devoted to the dissemination of these ideas, which they found more echo among the population than among the elites. Within La Trinitaria, the young Ramón Mella, who was then 22 years old and ran a lumber business, soon won appreciation of Duarte, who considered him one of his most capable men.

Meeting of La Trinitaria
Meanwhile, the acceptance of Boyer had begun to wane because of the disproportionate elevation of taxes, profits not reverted in the population, but in France, to which Boyer had promised compensation in Exchange for recognizing the independence. In this way arose, in Haiti the same groups opposing the regime of Boyer.
In January 1843, Juan Pablo Duarte Ramón Mella commissioned the mission relocated to Los Cayos (Haiti) to negotiate with Haitian opponents of the Dominican Patriots support for the reform movement, headed the Haitian opposition leader Charles Rivière-Hérard. In March of the same year, Mella participated in a meeting in Santo Domingo, which culminated with the proclamation of the support of this movement; together managed to topple Boyer in the same month. Although Herard had earned support from the Dominican independence, he never shared his ideas, and immediately sent to imprison Mella in Port-au-Prince (Haiti).
However, this city broke out in a rebellion against Hérard, who could dominate the uprising with the help of Mella and its veterans incarcerated, so thanks liberated them. Nick and his followers marched to Santo Domingo and were made with the eastern part of the island's culture and Spanish language; in February 1844, formally declared independence from Haiti and the Dominican Republic proclaimed.

Ramón Matías Mella
Tells that the night of February 27, 1844, when he was meeting with other banned at the door of mercy, Matías Ramón Mella managed to shoot a trabucazo before the hesitation that threatened to wreck the purposes independence. «No time back - seems to be that it said-.» We must be free or die, it is the watchword. The Dominican Republic live!» And he immediately fired his blunderbuss. Subsequently, the Patriots marched towards the stronghold of San Gennaro (today door of the count), where another patrician, Francisco de el Rosario Sánchez, proclaimed the birth of the Dominican Republic.
Ramón Mella was part of the Central Administrative Board, provisional Government presided over by Francisco de el Rosario Sánchez. Appointed Colonel of the new national army, its main task was the recruitment of men and the Organization and distribution of the personnel available to repel the impending invasion of Haiti. But it was not Nick who fought the decisive battle: March 19 Pedro Santana, a conservative landowner joined the independentist cause, defeated the Haitians in Azua. The prestige obtained with this victory allowed him to, with the support of the conservative sector of the Board, taking over the Presidency of the Republic (1844-1848) and set aside the Liberals: he declared traitors to Mella, Duarte and Sanchez and sentenced them to exile.
The first Republic
The amnesty decreed in 1848 by the President Manuel Jimenes (1848-1849) allowed him to return to the country. Along the first Dominican Republic (1844-1861), Ramón Matías Mella served in the army and the Presidents who alternated in power during those years: Buenaventura Báez and especially Pedro Santana, with whom he had reconciled. The Ministry of finance and Commerce and the Ministry of war was committed, and served as Governor and Ambassador.
The tune with Santana ended abruptly when, at the end of his third and final term (1858-1861), he decided to annex the Republic to Spain; intended thereby ending the threat that continuous attempts of invasion of Haitians represented the sovereignty of the country, and also to perpetuate itself in power, as he received the governorship of the province of Santo Domingo of the Spanish Crown. The decision of Santana unleash the war of restoration (1863-1865): separatists or restauradores (as she is proposed to restore the first Republic) rose in arms against submission to Spain.
When the cry of Capotillo (16 August 1863), action that began the war, Ramón Matías Mella immediately joined the restorative movement; It dealt again with the Organization of the military personnel and held the Vice-Presidency of the Republic in the Government of the restoration. Already very ill, he remained in this post until his death in 1864, without getting to see the final restoration of the Republic.
Extracted from the website: Biografías y Vidas
Biographies of historical figures and personalities

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