What is the Meaning of Analogy | Definition and What is Analogy

The word analogy, although analogia Latin its furthest origin lies in a Greek word can be translated as "similarity" or "proportion" is a term for a relationship of similarity between different things. The concept can refer to the reasoning based on the benchmarks of similar in humans attributes or different things.
Examples: "I think that people did not understand my analogy between the gun and the microphone", "the Mayor has surprised people by making an analogy between the situation that exists in the village and the main world economic centres", "I did not like the analogy you did between my career and the course of Gomez.
An analogy is a comparison of objects, concepts or experiences. By making an analogy, indicates individual and General characteristics and establishing the similarities and differences between contrasting elements.
In the field of biology, the analogy is the similarity between parties who, in different organizations, have a similar function and a same relative position, but with a different origin.
Linguistics, the analogy is to create new forms or modification of existing ones on the basis of the similarity between them. In grammar, on the other hand, it uses the concept of analogy to refer to the formal similarity between the language elements that perform same function or have important coincidences between them.
Law, in turn, argued that analogy is the method which allows that a rule/standard extends due to his reason, in cases not included in it.
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