Bruxism is the grinding or involuntary clenching of the teeth. This disorder, which affects more than 10% of the population, usually occurs during sleep. Examples: "the dentist recommended I use a bite plate to treat bruxism', ' I didn't know why I woke up every time with headaches until what it discovers that I suffer from bruxism ', 'because my bruxism, I have three broken teeth.
Bruxism can affect children, adults, men and women combined. The most common age of onset is between 17 and 20 years and, in many cases, a spontaneous remission occurs after 40 years.
The most frequent causes of bruxism are psychological. Stress and anxiety cause the person to gnash her teeth when she sleeps without realizing it. It is difficult to know the causes of bruxism by virtue of its unconscious character.
The pain of the muscles of the jaw, neck and ears, headaches and the wear of the teeth are the most common consequences of bruxism. Experts distinguish two major types of bruxism, namely, centered/static (pressure of teeth without friction) and her eccentric / dynamic.
The usual treatment is done by the use of a dental splint or a bite plate to protect the teeth during sleep. This feature allows not only to prevent dental injuries, but also helps to eliminate pain because it prevents muscle pressure.
Psychological therapy, anti-anxiety drugs and relaxation exercises may also be offered by the physician.