What is the Meaning of Centralism | Definition and What Centralism

The doctrine of the centralist is centralism. This current of thought is related to the political centralization or the administration of a territory.
The notion of centralism, therefore, refers to a system of organization of the State where the Government's decisions come from a single Center, without regard to the different regions or cities they relate. In other words, the central Government is responsible for policy decisions.
It is possible to distinguish pure centralism and decentralized centralism. Pure centralism is the model that focuses on administrative, political and territorial unity. Here, the central Government dictates the rules and manages all services related to the administration of the country. Pure centralism is justified by the need to preserve the unity and national cohesion.
Decentralized centralism, meanwhile, is based on the transfer of property by a Court of an administrative body to another body of a same administration public but independent hierarchically.
Means democratic centralism organization model of Marxist-Leninist parties, which combine the centralism in the decision-making and democracy to optimize efficiency. Democratic centralism, in this sense, is opposed to bureaucracy and the forms of organization of other Marxist parties.
The decisions of the democratic centralism are discussed in organs of different hierarchies, where debates circulate from bottom to top and vice versa means that, even if the decision is made in the upper hierarchy, the exchange of points of view allows the participation of bases to power.
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