What is the Meaning of Hemiplegia | Definition and What is Hemiplegia

Hemiplegia is a concept derived from the Greek language and which is used in the field of medicine to refer to a paralysis of one side of the body. This means that the affected person of hemiplegia will see paralysed (one side) part of his body.
Hemiplegia can occur due to several factors, such as stroke (cerebrovascular accident), brain tumors, head trauma, encephalitis, meningitis or spinal pathology.
When a person suffers from a decrease in the driving force or a partial paralysis of one side of the body, it is hemiparesis. Hemiparesis, therefore, is less serious than hemiplegia, because there is no immobility, but rather a debility.
Hemiplegia not only cancels the movement and the sensitivity of a part of the face, an arm or a leg, but can also affect other functions of the body, such as speech, vision, hearing, and even the ability to reason.
Hemiplegia implies an inability to control some muscles even if they are not damaged due to problems of the brain. As the muscles are not moved (they are unable to move), they become stiff and eventually atrophy due to lack of use. To avoid or reduce spasticity (stiffness) of the muscles, the patient can perform various physical exercises recommended by her doctor or a therapist.
Physiotherapy, acupuncture and massages can be part of a treatment of hemiplegia rehabilitation to strengthen muscles and help the patient feel better.
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