What is the Meaning of Impartiality | Definition and What is Impartiality

The concept of impartiality, synonym of fairness, can be considered a criterion of justice based on decisions taken objectively. This means that the person in charge of judging or resolve/solve a question must remain impartial (neutral) and not be influenced by prejudices or interests leading it to enjoy one of the parties.
Examples: "the impartiality of the judge has been challenged by the defendants', 'I was given the responsibility of choosing the best player of the tournament because we find that my decision will be based on impartiality,'" in such a situation, there is no possible impartiality: it is essential to remain either on one side or the other.
To understand the concept of impartiality, can take the example of a dispute and divide it into three blocks or questions. Firstly, there is the interest and the reasons for one of the parties. On the other hand, interests and the reasons for the other party. Between the two lies the impartiality: based on objective criteria which, if possible, on factual data, it is understood that impartiality is the way towards a just decision.
Suppose that a balloon breaks the window of a House. A woman leaves home and meets two children whom she suspects. In the meantime, another boy arrives and she asks him if he has seen who broke the window. As the child is the friend of one of the accused, he does not hesitate to say that it was the other boy even though he has no idea what really happened. This decision is not impartial because the alleged witness, by affection for his friend, wanted to avoid problems and it was not just with each other which is for nothing.

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