Infamy is a term that originated the word latin infamĭa. It is an ugly Act that affects the honor or credibility of a person or a wickedness. Examples: "I go to the Court so that the Mayor ceases its infamy against me and recognize that I am innocent", "torture are a disgrace for any democratic regime", "humans never will admit that poverty is an infamy that affects the entire species.
At the time of ancient Rome, infamy was the degradation of civil honour. In this case, the censor was responsible for certifying the loss of reputation of the citizen through the infamous. The person, thus, could not have access to positions in the public service and could not vote in the elections, which the limited in its social and legal powers.
Roman law recognized two types of infamy depending on the causes. The facti infamia was declared when the person developed an act contrary to public order, morals or good manners. Infamia IUSR, in turn, was the result of fraud or fraudulent action.
In the canonical sense, infamy is the loss of reputation following the (negative) opinion that several conservative people have in relation to an individual. The Holy see or the purge established by Canon law can remove the IUSR (infamy by law) infamia, while infamia (infamy of fact) facti is paid with a change in usual and the sincere expression of regret.
"Universal history of infamy", finally, is the name of a collection of short stories written by the Argentine Jorge Luis Borges, and based primarily on real facts.