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From the latin multĭplus, multiple is an adjective that is used in mathematics and grammar. In mathematics, it is the number or quantity that contains one or the other several times accurately.
An integer R is multiple integer S if there is another natural number which, multiplied by S, gives the result R. For example: 12 is a multiple of 3 because 3 x 4 = 12. Therefore, if we multiply 3 by 4, 12, which means that 12 is a multiple of 3.
To find out if a number is one multiple of another, shall be a division between them. When the quotient is an integer (and, therefore, the rest of the operation is equal to 0), one is faced with one multiple number of the other. In the previous example, 12/3 = 4.
All of the multiples of a natural number is infinite. In other words, there are as many multiples of a number of natural numbers. Multiples of 3 are 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21... It is important to note that every natural number is a multiple of itself, that 0 is a multiple of any number and that every natural number is divisible by 1.
In the field of grammar, a multiple numeral adjective/name is one whose meaning is generated from the multiplication of an amount. Double, triple, quadruple and quintuple are examples of many: 'my room has double the size of yours', 'the musician underwent triple coronary bypass surgery.