Sclerosis is pathological hardening suffered a tissue or organ. This hardening is due to the uncontrolled increase of connective tissue that occurs from a disease.
Aging, inflammation and autoimmune diseases can produce sclerosis, making the tissues or organs affected to lose their elasticity.
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease that occurs due to the degeneration of the sheaths of myelin in nerve fibers. This disease generates problems of control of the muscles and senses and cannot be cured, but can be treated (attenuated or even relieved) with drugs.
The loss of muscle mass, the incoordination of movements, have trouble swallowing, having cramps, spasms, cognitive difficulties and sexual dysfunction are some of the consequences of sclerosis.
Arteriosclerosis, on the other hand, is the hardening of the arteries of large and medium sizes. Its most common form is atherosclerosis and generates an inflammatory reaction. Among the factors that contribute to reduce the risk of contracting this disease, it is recommended to have a healthy and balanced diet to practice regular physical activity and not smoking.
ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) is a degenerative disease where the motor neurons (nerve cells) die and cause progressive muscular paralysis. Among the personalities who have suffered or who suffer from this disease include Argentine writer Roberto Fontanarrosa and British scientist Stephen Hawking.
Finally, the tuberous sclerosis is a hereditary disease which causes the formation of non-cancerous lumps in the skin, retina, lung, kidney or the heart, between other bodies.