From the latin revocatĭo, revocation is the action and the effect of revoking. This verb refers to the fact to cancel a resolution or a mandate, to deter a person from a plan to expel or to cancel anything.
In the area of the law, the revocation is the cancellation, replacement or amendment of a judgment or an order. This decision is made by an authority other than that which had resolved in the first place.
Examples: "the judge has requested the revocation of the case and has released committed engineer',"the convict assured that it would request the revocation of judgment, alleging lack of jurisdiction over the trial","if we succeed in the revocation, we will have the possibility to request a change.
Revocation, therefore, is a mode of extinguishing a legal relationship. Operations of the revocation is ex nunc (applies from the manifest will of revocation).
As the case may be, the revocation of a legal act may be permitted by law or by the will expressed by the parties. In bilateral contracts, both parties have the right to revoke.
In some countries, the revocation is a political process that allows citizens to determine the end of a public service before the expiration of the period for which the employee has been elected prior.
The order of the recall referendum can be justified by the loss of legitimacy, acts of corruption or violation of human rights, among other reasons.