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Biography of Charles Baudelaire

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Unhealthy flowers April 9, 1821
August 31, 1867

Who is Charles Baudelaire?


Charles Baudelaire was born on 9 April 1821 in Paris, in a Latin Quarter, from the second marriage of the now 62-year-old Joseph-Francois, an official in the Senate, with the 27-year-old Caroline Archimbaut-Dufays.

The mother, following the untimely death of her husband, marries a handsome Lieutenant Colonel, which, because of their coldness and stiffness (and of bourgeois respectability which was drenched), you will earn the hatred of the stepson. Painful knot in family relations and, above all, with his mother, playing much of the misery and existential discomfort that accompanies Baudelaire throughout his life. After all, as evidenced by, inter alia, the intense epistolary left, he will always ask for help and his mother love, that love reciprocated, at least believe with respect to the intensity of demand.

In 1833 he entered the Collège Royal for his stepfather's will. Within a short time, however, the debauched and daredevil Fame takes to circulate within the collège until you come, inevitably, to the ears of the hated stepfather who, out of spite, forces him to embark on the Paquebot des Mers du Sud, a ship that was en route to the Indies.

This trip has an unexpected effect on Charles: makes him meet other worlds and cultures, puts him in contact with people of all races, making him discover a dimension far removed from social and cultural decadence heavy burden on Europe. From this, then, is the result of his great love for exoticism, the same that filters through the pages of his major work, the celebrated "flowers of evil.

Anyway, after just ten months interrupts the trip to return to Paris, where, now of legal age, comes into possession of the paternal inheritance, allowing him to live for a while in great freedom.

In 1842, after a great poet known as Gerard de Nerval, approaches especially in Gautier, and becomes attached to a extreme. The symbiosis between the two is total and Charles will see senior colleague in a kind of moral and artistic Guide. On female mating face, instead, after knowing the mulatta Jeanne Duval, it unleashes an intense and passionate relationship. Contrary to what often happens to artists of the time, the relationship is solid and long lasting. Charles draws life from Jeanne: she is guardian and lover but also Muse, not only as regards the "erotic" loving baudeleriana production, but also intensely human stamp that shows in many of his poems. Later, with the onset of old age, will be loving and present in agonizing moments of paralysis that strikes the poet.

Meanwhile, the life that Baudelaire to Paris is certainly not in the spirit of thrift. When the mother discovers that he has already spent about half of his father's legacy, by second husband embarks on a procedure to get a curator that is entrusted with the task of accurately administer the rest of the estate. From now on, Baudelaire will be forced to ask their guardian even money to buy clothes.

The 1845 marks his debut as a poet with the publication of "A Creole Lady", while, to live, he is forced to work in magazines and newspapers with articles and essays were collected in two posthumous books, "art" and "curiosity" aesthetic.

In 1848 visit risings in Paris while, in 1857, he published from the Publisher Poulet Malassis-the already mentioned "the flowers of evil", a collection that includes a hundred poems.

The revelation of this masterpiece of the time the audience bewilders. The book is undoubtedly noticed and does talk about themselves, but rather than real literary success, perhaps it would be more correct to talk about scandal and morbid curiosity. On the wave of talk confusing and gossip surrounding the text, the book is even tried for immorality and the Publisher is forced to cancel six poems.

Baudelaire is depressed and upset his mind. In 1861, attempting suicide. In 1864, after a failed attempt at entering the Acadèmie française, he left Paris and went to Brussels, but the stay in the Belgian town doesn't change its difficulty of relations with bourgeois society.

Ill search in hashish, opium and alcohol disease relief that in 1867, after the long agony of paralysis, will kill him just 44 years. Those experiences, and the desire to escape reality, were inspired by the "artificial paradises" published in the "annus horribilis" of 1861. He is buried in Montparnasse cemetery, along with her mother and stepfather hated. In 1949 the French Court of Cassation rehabilitates his memory and his work.

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