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Biography of Guillaume Apollinaire

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The principle of the surreal August 26, 1880
November 9, 1918

Who is Guillaume Apollinaire?


Pseudonym of Wilhelm Apollinaire de Kostrowitsky, Guillaume Apollinaire was born in Rome on August 26, 1880. The illegitimate son of an Italian officer and a Polish moved to France as a teenager where he settled in Paris, where since 1908 thanks to bond with Marie Laurencin puts you in contact with the avant-garde artistic circles with figures such as Maurice de Vlaminck, André Derain, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Henri Matisse.

The modern interest led him to support the Filippo Tommaso Marinetti's Futurism and metaphysical painting by Giorgio De Chirico.

1910 's are the sixteen fantastic tales entitled "The Heresiarch & c.", while in 1911 publishes "poems or Orfe cortege Bestiary" and in 1913 the fundamental "Alcools", a collection of the best poems composed between 1898 and 1912, which constitutes one of the most important texts of the last century. This work deeply renew the French literature and is today considered the masterpiece of Apollinaire along with the beautiful "Calligraphy" (1918).

Among other works in prose include "the poet assassinated" (1916), collection of novellas and short stories between the mythical and the autobiographical, inspired by experiences on the front lines of World War I, and the drama "the breasts of Tiresias" (written in 1903 and published in 1918), the introduction of which appears for the first time the definition of a surrealist work.

He died in Paris on November 9, 1918.

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