Biography of Tommaso Campanella

Towards the modern thought September 5, 1568
May 21, 1639

Who is Thomas Campanella?

Giovanni Domenico Campanella, with Giordano Bruno and Bernardino Telesio, is considered one of pioneered modern philosophy; his thought is conventional historical symbol of transition between the middle ages and the modern era.

Born in Calabria, stylus, September 5, 1568. Son of a poor Shoemaker and uneducated Campanella is a wunderkind. At thirteen he entered the Dominican order and arrives to take orders not yet year-old Dominican, with the name of brother Thomas in honor of Saint Thomas Aquinas. Successfully completes studies law at the same time, albeit secretly authors such as Erasmus, Ficino and Glynis.

Ideas in religion and interest in magic forced him to flee to Naples where he studied with the door. He finds himself under investigation by the ecclesiastical Tribunal so leaves the convent to head to Rome first, then in Florence and Padua, where finally comes into contact with Galileo.

Accused of heresy is locked up in jail but manages to return to his hometown; in 1599 tries to organize an uprising against Spanish rule and lay the groundwork for religious reform. On this occasion he was arrested and convicted; However escape from torture by pretending to be mad.

Cannot avoid prison where Bell remains locked up in Naples, for 27 years. in this long period of imprisonment continues to write, especially philosophy.

Composes a work dedicated to Galileo, in which Campanella greatly appreciates the work and thinking.

In 1626 regains a portion of freedom: out of jail, but must remain in Rome under the control of the Holy Office.

By Pope Urban VIII this constraint is later deleted; in 1633 it again

accused of heresy and anti-Spanish propaganda. He decided to take refuge in Paris where there is protection against Cardinal Richelieu. Is dedicated to the publication of his writings; financed by King, spends the rest of his life at the convent of Saint-Honoré. His latest work is a poem celebrating the birth of the future King Louis XIV ("Ecloga in portentosam Delphini nativitatem). One of his most famous works is "the city of the Sun", a work of utopian character in which, referring to Plato and the Utopia of Thomas more, describes an ideal city.

Tommaso Campanella died in Paris on May 21, 1639.

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