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Note: This translation is provided for educational purposes and may contain errors or be inaccurate.From latin abdicatĭo, the abdication is the action and the effect to abdicate (deny sovereignty or give it up, waive rights or benefits). The term is also used to refer to the document that contains this abdication.
Examples: "the prince has decided his abdication after the war with the nearby town', ' that all subjects and the minions know: abdication is not an option for her Majesty", "the abdication of King Martin IV left the throne to his son Philippe."
The abdication means an act by which a subject voluntarily cedes duties before the expiry of the previously established time limit. This is a concept similar to the resignation.
Formerly, the concept was also used to designate the action to deprive a member of the family (disinherit a child, for example). Currently, however, the abdication refers almost exclusively to the sense of resignation of a power or a load.
Throughout history, there were many transcendent abdications. Diocletian (244-311), for example, was the first Roman emperor who voluntarily left his post. This man has abdicated in the year 305 because of his illness and problems of any kind.
Christina of Sweden (1626-1689), for its part, has abdicated in 1654, the same year where she left Protestantism to convert to Catholicism. Philip V of Spain, Louis Bonaparte of Holland, Victor-Emmanuel of Sardinia, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, Nicholas II of Russia, and Farouk I of Egypt are other monarchs who at some point of their reign, opted for the abdication.