Alcohol is, from the point of view chemical, organic compound containing the hydroxyl group joined to aliphatic radical or one of its derivatives. In this sense, because it is a compound, there are several types of alcohols.
In everyday language, is given the name of alcohol in the chemical compound ethanol, also said alcohol ethilique. It is a colourless, flammable liquid with a boiling point of 78ºC.
Alcohol ethilique chemical formula is CH3-CH2-OH. This compound is used for alcoholic beverages, which, most of the time, are known simply by the name of alcohol (for example, "It will have to buy alcohol for the boom of tonight", "Michel drank too much alcohol, it keeps telling nonsense").
Alcoholic beverages can be obtained by fermentation (this is the case of wine and beer) or by distillation (such as liquor). The percentage of alcohol ethilique content in each drink can vary: the beer presents approximately 5% alcohol; the wine has about 15% and liqueurs can reach up to 50% ethanol.
It is worth mentioning that ethilique alcohol is a psychoactive in humans substance humans. Initially, its consumption gives a feeling of joy. Over time, the individual may suffer problems of coordination and blurred vision. With excessive consumption, it is possible to reach a State of unconsciousness and, at one extreme, to die by poisoning/toxicity level.
These negative consequences of alcohol for the Organization are that the majority of countries prohibit the consumption of alcoholic beverages to minors of a certain age (usually 18 years).