What is the Meaning of: Enzyme | Concept and Definition of: Enzyme

Meanings, definitions, concepts of daily use

An enzyme is a protein that catalyzes biochemical reactions of the metabolism. Enzymes Act on molecules called substrates and allow the development of various cellular processes.
It is worth mentioning that the enzymes do not alter the energy balance or balance reactions on which they operate: their function is limited to help accelerate the process. In other words, under the control of an enzyme reaction manages to balance in way much faster than non-catalyzed reaction.
It is estimated that the enzymes catalyze about 4,000 different biochemical reactions. There are many molecules that affect the activity of enzymes. Means, for example, enzyme inhibitor molecule that inhibits the enzyme activity or which diminish its effect.
There are drugs and drugs that act as inhibitors. In contrast, enzyme activators increase their activity. Must be taken into account than pH, temperature and other physical factors and chemical incident on enzyme activity.
Specialists distinguish six main types of enzymes according to the reaction that is theirs to catalyze: oxyreductases, transferases, hydrolases, isomerases, ligases and bundles. The EC classification match the schema of numerical classification of enzymes based on the chemical reactions they catalyze.
Enzymes are typically used in commercial and industrial level for the production of food, the development of biofuels and the development of the products (such as detergents), for example.
Note: This translation is provided for educational purposes and may contain errors or be inaccurate.